Young people are a vulnerable category of workers, finding themselves in a delicate phase of their working life: their first entry into the labour market. In many European countries, youngsters are unemployed or have difficulty finding and obtaining jobs. This situation has deteriorated particularly after the crises, recessions and stagnation that has impacted European economies in recent years. In addition to the cyclical or crisis impact, structural factors are also very important. Additionally, prolonged crises, as in some Eurozone countries, have transformed a significant part of cyclical unemployment in structural (long term) unemployment.

Young People and the Labour Market: A Comparative Perspective explores the condition of young people in the labour market. The authors present new evidence from several countries, with a special focus on Europe, and offer a comparative perspective. They investigate questions such as which structural conditions and labour market institutions guarantee better youth performance, which education systems and school-to-work processes are more effective and in which countries is gender differentiation less of an issue. All of the aforementioned, as well as many other comparisons which the authors make, are significant in helping to facilitate the successful design of labour and education policies.

As the first investigation by economists to explore the complexity of this topic, this book will be useful to both economists and sociologists who are interested in the role of young people in the labour market, and the problem of youth unemployment.

chapter |12 pages

Young people and the labour market

A review
ByFloro Ernesto Caroleo, Olga Demidova, Enrico Marelli, Marcello Signorelli

chapter 1|18 pages

Youth unemployment, labour-market institutions and education

A cross-country analysis
ByFloro Ernesto Caroleo, Elvira Ciociano, Sergio Destefanis

chapter 2|34 pages

Education mismatch and youth labour force status in Europe

ByFabrizio Pompei, Ekaterina Selezneva

chapter |17 pages

Youth unemployment, labour productivity and the evolution of the labour markets in Europe

ByMaria Laura Parisi, Enrico Marelli, Olga Demidova

chapter 4|30 pages

Temporary-permanent contract wage gap for young and older workers in EU-28 countries

A review
ByCristiano Perugini, Fabrizio Pompei

chapter |15 pages

Living arrangements of young adults in Italy and Norway

A review
ByTindara Addabbo, Randi Kjeldstad

chapter |31 pages

Youth unemployment and the transition from school to work in Germany and Greece

ByHans Dietrich, Annie Tubadji, Brigitte Schels, Anette Haas, Joanna Tsoka, Vasilis Angelis, Katerina Dimaki

chapter |23 pages

Unemployed and NEET youth

Well-being in a gender perspective – the case of Italy and Spain
ByTindara Addabbo, Paula Rodríguez-Modroño, Lina Gálvez-Muñoz

chapter |19 pages

Job satisfaction among young Russian workers

ByFrancesco Bartolucci, Aleksandra Bashina, Giovanni S. F. Bruno, Olga Demidova, Marcello Signorelli

chapter |22 pages

The school-to-work transition in the Latin Rim

The case of Italy
ByFrancesco Pastore

chapter |12 pages

Assessing the stability of employment among young people in Ireland after the Great Recession

ByElish Kelly, Seamus McGuinness, Adele Whelan