The international fragmentation of economic activities – from research and design to production and marketing – described through the lens of the global value chain (GVC) approach impacts the structure and performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) agglomerated in economic clusters. The consolidation of GVCs ruled by global lead firms and the recession of 2008-09 exacerbated the pressures on cluster actors that based their competitive advantage on local systems, spurring an increasing heterogeneity, both across and within clusters, that is still overlooked in the literature.

Drawing on detailed studies of different industries and countries, Local Clusters in Global Value Chains shows the co-evolutionary trajectories of clusters and GVCs, and the role of firms and their strategies in organizing manufacturing and innovation activities in the context of ongoing technological shifts. The book explores the tension between place-based variables and global drivers of change, and the possibility for territories containing such clusters to prosper in the new global scenario. By adopting insights from the GVC framework and management studies, the book discusses how the internationalization strategies of firms create opportunities as well as constraints for adaptive upgrading in clusters.

This book is of interest to both researchers and policy-makers who are interested in the dynamic sources of competitive advantage in the global economy.

chapter 1|18 pages

Industrial districts, clusters and global value chains

Toward an integrated framework
ByValentina De Marchi, Eleonora Di Maria, Gary Gereffi

part I|50 pages

Co-evolution of clusters and global value chains

chapter 2|12 pages

Italian industrial districts today

Between decline and openness to global value chains
ByElisa Giuliani, Roberta Rabellotti

chapter 3|18 pages

Evolutionary trajectories of industrial districts in global value chains

ByValentina De Marchi, Gary Gereffi, Roberto Grandinetti

chapter 4|18 pages

Clusters, industrial districts and the impact of their growing intersection with global value chains

ByMario Davide Parrilli, Jiří Blažek

part II|83 pages

The role of lead firms in global value chains and clusters

chapter 5|23 pages

MNEs and clusters

The creation of place-anchored value chains
ByFiorenza Belussi, Annalisa Caloffi, Silvia Rita Sedita

chapter 6|20 pages

Global value chains and the role of MNEs in local production systems

ByMariachiara Barzotto, Giancarlo Corò, Mario Volpe

chapter 7|19 pages

Knowledge, systemic contribution and brokerage in industrial clusters

ByFrancesc Xavier Molina-Morales, Luis Martínez-Cháfer, José Antonio Belso-Martínez

part III|73 pages

Value chain activities

chapter 9|20 pages

Manufacturing, where art thou? Value chain organization and cluster-firm strategies between local and global

ByMarco Bettiol, Maria Chiarvesio, Eleonora Di Maria, Stefano Micelli

chapter 10|18 pages

Networks of clusters within global value chains

The case of the European ceramic tile districts in Spain and Italy
ByJose Luis Hervas-Oliver, Mario Davide Parrilli

chapter 11|20 pages

The role of manufacturing within industrial districts

Proposing and testing an innovative methodology
ByRuggero Golini, Albachiara Boffelli

chapter 12|13 pages

New frontiers for competitiveness and innovation in clusters and value-chains research

ByValentina De Marchi, Eleonora Di Maria, Gary Gereffi