This title was first published in 2001. With the increasing economic, political and social integration in Europe, there has been a fundamental change in labour and industrial relations. Not only in the Japanese and American challenges in the triad competition under the slogan of ’Lean Management’ but also ecological and democratic challenges are relevant. The directive for the introduction of European works councils is one example of new forms of industrial relations. The question remains since the Hofstede studies on how far will integration go in guarding the cultural specificity’s and identities. The material is structured in a logical and helpful way with a balanced and complete review of the subject. This first of two volumes concentrates on the general features of the European system of labour relations. Both volumes are addressed particularly to academics and students of business administration, economics, sociology, labour law and organizational psychology at university level, and would also be suitable for intensive courses and seminars in the private sector.