This book represents the first comprehensive study of the evolution of parties and party systems in all nine democratic European states with less than one million inhabitants.

As small political units have for long been considered to be most conducive to stable democracy, this volume analyses the actual role of political parties and partisan competition in the operation of modern democracy in those European microstates. Drawing on the crucial contribution of leading country experts in the field, it provides rich, systematic contextualized knowledge on these lesser-known cases. It further contributes to the mainstreaming of small state research in social science studies by comparing the experience of party politics in European microstates with that of larger countries in the same region of the world.

This volume will be of key interest to scholars and students of party systems and political parties, elections and democracy, small states, European politics and more broadly of comparative politics.

Introduction - Party Politics in European Micro-states: One Step towards Mainstreaming  1. San Marino’s Increasing Instability: Politics in the Oldest, Smallest Party Democracy in the World  2. Party Politics in the Principality of Liechtenstein  3. Monaco’s Political System: National Particularities and Foreign Influences  4. The Evolution of Andorra’s Party System: From Parties of ‘Notables’ to a Predominant Party System  5. A Political Party System in Flux: Iceland’s Political Culture and Smallness  6. Malta: Party Politics in a Small Island State  7. Party Politics in Luxembourg: Stable, Consensual and Pragmatic  8. Party Politics in Montenegro: in the Shadow of the Statehood Issue  9. Nationalism, Clientelism and Anti-politics: Party Politics in the Republic of Cyprus.  Conclusion - Party Politics in European Micro-states: Similar but Different