The Data Protection and Medical Research in Europe: PRIVIREAL series focuses on the 'Privacy in Research Ethics and Law' EC-funded project examining the implementation of Directive 95/46/EC on data protection in relation to medical research and the role of ethics committees in European countries. The series consists of five separate volumes following the complete development of the PRIVIREAL project. This volume relates to the first stage of the project regarding the implementation of the Data Protection Directive, in particular in the area of medical research. It contains an introduction and overview of this topic, keynote papers addressing specific questions on the subject, and a report on both the general implementation of the Directive and the implementation in relation to medical research in 26 European countries. The book will be invaluable for those people with an interest in data protection, medical research and their implications for each other. It lays open the actual situation across Europe, including both New Member States and Newly Associated Member States.

part I|112 pages

Introduction and Keynote Papers

chapter 1|2 pages


ByDeryck Beyleveld, Ségolène Rouillé-Mirza, David Townend and Jessica Wright

chapter 2|18 pages

An Overview of Directive 95/46/EC in Relation to Medical Research

ByDeryck Beyleveld

chapter 3|10 pages

The Concept of Privacy

An Analysis of the EU Directive on the Protection of Personal Data
ByMette Hartlev

chapter 4|18 pages

Anonymization and Pseudonymization

The Legal Framework at a European Level
ByCarlos María Romeo Casabona

chapter 5|18 pages

The Scope of Exemptions for Medical Research

ByHerman Nys

chapter 7|14 pages

Overriding Data Subjects’ Rights in the Public Interest

ByDavid Townend

part II|118 pages

Report Framework and Comparative Studies

chapter 9|10 pages

EU, Norway and NAS Law Report Framework

ByDeryck Beyleveld, David Townend

chapter 10|64 pages

Comparative Study on the Implementation and Effect of Directive 95/46/EC on Data Protection 1 in Europe

General Standards
BySégolène Rouillé-Mirza, Jessica Wright

chapter 11|42 pages

Comparative Study on the Implementation and Effect of Directive 95/46/EC on Data Protection in Europe

Medical Research
BySégolène Rouillé-Mirza, Jessica Wright