This volume seeks to capture the rich array of images that define Japan's encounters with the Pacific Ocean. Contemporary Japanese most readily associate 'Pacific' with the devastating war that their country fought over a half century ago. The ensuing occupation realized a situation that this people had striven to avoid ever since the Portuguese first arrived in 1543 - their subjugation by a foreign power. But the Pacific Ocean also extended Japan's overseas contacts. From antiquity Japanese and their neighbours crossed it to trade ideas and products. From the mid-16th century it carried people from more distant lands, Europe and America, and thus expanded and diversified Japan's cultural and economic exchange networks. From the late 19th century it provided the highway to transport Japanese imperial expansion in Northeast Asia and later to encourage overseas migration into the Pacific and the Americas. The studies selected for inclusion in this volume, along with the introduction, explain how the Pacific Ocean thus nurtured images of both threat and opportunity to the island nation that it surrounds.

part 1

Japanese Views of the Pacific

part 2|1 pages

Diplomatic and Economic Relations

chapter 7|36 pages

Early Russo-Japanese Relations

ByGeorge Alexander Lensen

chapter 9|8 pages

The Meiji Letters of Tsuda Ume, Pioneer Educator of Women

ByChristine Chapman

chapter 10|41 pages

East Meets East: The Soejima Mission to China, 1873

ByWayne C. McWilliams

part 3

Expansion and Diaspora

chapter 11|17 pages

Ayutthaya and Japan: Embassies and Trade in the Seventeenth Century

ByNagazumi Yoko

chapter 14|17 pages

The Opening of Korea and the Kanghwa Treaty of 1876

ByBrahm Swaroop Agrawal

chapter 15|12 pages

Four Japanese: Their Plans for the Expansion of Japan to the Philippines

ByJosefa M. Saniel

chapter 17|21 pages

Ameyuki-san: Japanese Prostitutes in Nineteenth-Century America

ByIchioka Yuji