This eighth volume of The Shakespearean International Yearbook presents a special section on 'European Shakespeares', proceeding from the claim that Shakespeare's literary craft was not just native English or British, but was filtered and fashioned through a Renaissance awareness that needs to be recognized as European, and that has had effects and afterlives across the Continent. Guest editors Ton Hoenselaars and Clara Calvo have constructed this section to highlight both how the spread of 'Shakespeare' throughout Europe has brought together the energies of a wide variety of European cultures across several centuries, and how the inclusion of Shakespeare in European culture has been not only a European but also a world affair. The Shakespearean International Yearbook continues to provide an annual survey of important issues and developments in contemporary Shakespeare studies. Contributors to this issue come from the US and the UK, Spain, Switzerland and South Africa, Canada, The Netherlands, India, Portugal, Greece, France, and Hungary. In addition to the section on European Shakespeares, this volume includes essays on the genre of romance, issues of character, and other topics.

chapter 1|20 pages


Shakespeare and the human
ByTiffany Jo Werth

chapter 2|18 pages

Airy Spirits

Winds, Bodies, and Ecological Force in Early Modern England
BySteve Mentz

chapter 3|23 pages


Exceptional Humans, Human Exceptionalism, and the Shape of Things to Come
ByJoseph Campana

chapter 4|1 pages


Shakespeare’s Tweets: A Choir
ByTom Bishop, Jean E. Howard, Gordan McMullan, Vin Nardizzi

chapter 5|15 pages


Animal Law and the A ctaeon myth in Titus Andronicus
ByMiranda Garno Nesler

chapter 6|20 pages


The Craziest Transport: Fleecing the Non/human Merchant of Venice 1
ByLowell Duckert

chapter |21 pages

7 Bees

The Shakespearean Hive and the Virtues of Honey
ByNicole A. Jacobs

chapter 8|23 pages


Shakespeare’s Mulberry: Eco-materialism and “Living on”
ByTodd A. Borlik

chapter 9|20 pages


Absorption, Uncontainment, and Cleopatra’s Barge 1
ByEllen MacKay

chapter 10|17 pages


Pericles and the Fantasy of Shell-Dwelling
ByShannon Kelley

chapter 11|20 pages


“Sure and Firm-Set Earth”: Shakespeare, Stone, and Structuration
ByAndrew Tumminia

chapter 12|6 pages


“poore wretch … laid all naked on the bare earth”: Human Negative Exceptionalism Among the Humanists
ByLaurie Shannon