Kazakhstan is rich in natural resources including coal, oil, natural gas and uranium and has significant renewable potential from wind, solar, hydro and biomass. In spite of this, the country is currently dependent upon fossil fuels with coal-fired plants accounting for 75% of total power generation leading to concerns over greenhouse gas emissions and impacts on human health and the environment.

This book analyses the implications of the global shift to cleaner energy for a country whose economy has centred on hydrocarbon exports. The challenge is urgent for Kazakhstan, whose recent economic growth has driven increased demand for energy services, making the construction of additional generating capacity increasingly necessary for enabling sustained growth. In this context, renewable energy resources are becoming an increasingly attractive option to help bridge the demand-supply gap. Chapters written by experts in the field provide a comprehensive review of the current energy situation in Kazakhstan including fossil energy and renewable resources and analyses policy drivers for the energy sector. Emphasising that clean energy covers a variety of renewables, as well as cleaner use of hydrocarbons, this book argues that future technological change will affect the relative attractiveness of the various choices.

Recognising technical, geographical and domestic and international political constraints on policymakers’ options, this book will be of interest to an interdisciplinary audience in the fields of resource management and clean energy, development economics and Central Asian Studies.

chapter |4 pages


ByRichard Pomfret

part I|58 pages

Setting the scene

chapter 1|11 pages

Resource-rich countries, clean energy and volatility of oil prices

ByYelena Kalyuzhnova

chapter 2|16 pages

Fulfilment of obligations aligned by the Kyoto Protocol and beyond

ByYerlik Karazhan

chapter 3|29 pages

Moving towards sustainable energy in a resource-rich country

Setting the context for Kazakhstan
ByCalliope Webber

part II|124 pages

Evolution and future scenarios for Kazakhstan’s energy sector

chapter 4|25 pages

Integration of wind and solar power in Kazakhstan

Incentives and barriers
ByMarat Karatayev, Stephen Hall

chapter 5|19 pages

The national power grid and the room for feed-in energy supply

USSR heritage in Kazakhstan and international best-practice benchmarks
ByMaxim Romanov

chapter 7|7 pages

Scenarios of GHG emissions from fuel combustion in Kazakhstan

ByAiymgul Kerimray, Aidyn Bakdolotov

chapter 9|10 pages

Carbon capture and storage in geological formations

The potential for Kazakhstan 1
ByDilfuza Nurseitova

chapter 10|10 pages

Energy service centres

An innovative approach to achieving energy efficiency in Kazakhstan
ByYegor A. Zbrodko, Alexander V. Novoseltsev, Alexei G. Sankovski

chapter 11|33 pages

Samruk-Green Energy LLP

Case study
ByUral Arslangulov

part III|78 pages

Learning from global practice

chapter 12|20 pages

Biogas for sustainable rural communities

Case studies
ByTanja Radu, Richard E. Blanchard, Andrew D. Wheatley

chapter 14|13 pages

Why firms eco-innovate

ByMaksim Belitski

chapter 15|23 pages

Low carbon cities and the development of cleantech innovation clusters in oil-rich economies

A case study on Masdar City
ByNitin Kumar, Zhanna Kapsalyamova, I-Tsung Tsai

part IV|17 pages

Looking forward

chapter 16|15 pages

Challenges for Kazakhstan’s energy sector to 2050

ByRichard Pomfret