Violence is a serious public health problem. The number of violent deaths tells only part of the story, and many more survive violence and are left with permanent physical and emotional scars. Violence also erodes communities by reducing productivity, decreasing property values, and disrupting social services.

In recent years, scholars have broadened their definitions of violence beyond the realm of interpersonal harms such as murder, armed robbery, and male-to-female physical and sexual assaults in intimate relationships, to include behaviors often ignored by the criminal justice system, such as human rights violations, racism, psychological abuse, state terrorism, environmental violations, and war. Guided by this broader definition of violence, this handbook offers state of the art research in the field and brings together international experts to discuss empirical, theoretical, and policy issues.

chapter 1|4 pages


Toward a broader social scientific understanding of violence
ByWalter S. DeKeseredy, Callie Marie Rennison, Amanda K. Hall-Sanchez

part I|3 pages

Gathering and analyzing violence data

chapter 2|10 pages

Crime victimization survey research

ByCallie Marie Rennison, Martin D. Schwartz

chapter 3|11 pages

Mixed methods in violence studies

ByKai M. Thaler

chapter 4|15 pages

Using crime surveys as tools of critical insight and progressive change 1

ByWalter S. DeKeseredy

chapter 5|11 pages

Historical methods

ByBarry S. Godfrey

chapter 6|12 pages

Enhancing the quality of research on understudied populations

ByRebecca Pfeffer, Carlos A. Cuevas, Mackenzie Kushner, Sarah Lockwood

chapter 7|10 pages

The caring adult role

Avoiding exploitation in youth violence ethnographies
ByKatherine Irwin

part II|3 pages

New ways of thinking theoretically about violence

chapter 8|12 pages

Thinking theoretically about image-based sexual abuse

The contribution of male peer support theory
ByWalter S. DeKeseredy, Martin D. Schwartz

chapter 9|26 pages

What’s place got to do with it?

Explaining violence in a rural context
ByJoseph F. Donnermeyer

chapter 10|14 pages

Theoretical perspectives on environmental violence

ByRob White

chapter 11|10 pages

Gender, violence, and multiple oppressions

ByKatherine Irwin, Lisa Pasko

chapter 12|15 pages

The material reality of state violence

The case of police militarization
ByPeter B. Kraska, Shannon Williams

chapter 13|10 pages

Theorising “war”

BySandra Walklate, Ross McGarry

chapter 14|9 pages

Masculinities and school shootings

ByCliff Leek, Mariah Lewis-Elliott

chapter 15|11 pages

Feminist perspectives on state crimes against women

ByVictoria E. Collins

chapter 16|20 pages

Toward an ecological model of violence among African Americans

ByCarolyn M. West

part III|2 pages

Select topics in violence studies

chapter 17|11 pages

Hate crime as cultural violence

ByLee Thorpe Jr., Andrea DeKeseredy, James J. Nolan

chapter 18|11 pages

Adult pornography and violence against women

ByWalter S. DeKeseredy

chapter 19|9 pages

Urban industrial contamination and environmental justice

ByDaniel Renfrew

chapter 20|10 pages

Technology-facilitated coercive control

ByMolly Dragiewicz, Delanie Woodlock, Bridget Harris, Claire Reid

chapter 21|10 pages

Child sexual abuse

ByMichael Salter

chapter 22|13 pages

The impact of exposure to domestic violence on children and youth

Considering strategies for intervention and cultivating resilience
ByAngelique Jenney, Ramona Alaggia

chapter 23|9 pages

LGBTQ partner violence

ByAdam M. Messinger, Jennifer Roark

chapter 24|10 pages

Campus sexual assault

ByKevin M. Swartout, William F. Flack Jr.

chapter 25|13 pages

An alternative view of animal abuse

Violence against the environment and all its creatures
ByPaul B. Stretesky, Bonnie Berry

chapter 26|11 pages


Violence against the planet
ByRob White, Olivia Hasler

chapter 27|9 pages

Gang violence

ByTimothy R. Lauger

chapter 28|10 pages

Male hunting subcultures and violence against women

ByAmanda K. Hall-Sanchez

chapter 29|11 pages


ByChristopher W. Mullins

chapter 30|12 pages

Violence and Indigenous communities

ByChris Cunneen, Juan Tauri

chapter 31|13 pages

Research on human trafficking

Victim characteristics, consequences, service needs, and future research directions
ByEmily I. Troshynski, Alexa Bejinariu

chapter 32|10 pages

Girls, gangs, violence, and justice

An overview
ByLisa Pasko, Meda Chesney-Lind

chapter 33|9 pages

Clergy-perpetrated child sexual abuse

ByJodi Death

chapter 34|9 pages

Male violence against women

ByShana L. Maier, Raquel Kennedy Bergen

chapter 35|16 pages

Key issues in the rape and sexual assault of adult women

ByWalter S. DeKeseredy, Callie Marie Rennison

part IV|3 pages

New policy directions

chapter 36|12 pages

Hope and healing through arts behind bars

ByJill Leslie Rosenbaum

chapter 37|13 pages

Ending abusive endings

Curbing separation/divorce violence against women
ByWalter S. DeKeseredy, Molly Dragiewicz, Martin D. Schwartz

chapter 38|11 pages

Resisting rape culture in digital society

ByAnastasia Powell, Lisa Sugiura

chapter 39|11 pages

What can be done about state crimes against women?

Some suggestions for the future
ByVictoria E. Collins, Anne M. Mahar