This work describes the emergence of the professions in late tsarist Russia and their struggle for autonomy from the aristocratic state. It also examines the ways in which the Russian professions both resembled and differed from their Western counterparts.

chapter |36 pages


ByHarley D. Balzer

chapter |16 pages

Reflections on Russian Professions

ByKendall E. Bailes

chapter |34 pages

The Engineering Profession in Tsarist Russia

ByHarley D. Balzer

chapter |28 pages

Politics and Medical Professionalization After 1905

ByJohn F. Hutchinson

chapter |25 pages

Professionalism Among University Professors

BySamuel Kassow

chapter |27 pages

Conclusion: The Missing Middle Class

ByHarley D. Balzer