Education and Extremisms addresses one of the most pressing questions facing societies today: how is education to respond to the challenge of extremism? It argues that the implementation of new teaching techniques, curricular reforms or top-down changes to education policy alone cannot solve the problem of extremism in educational establishments across the world. Instead, the authors of this thought-provoking volume argue that there is a need for those concerned with radicalisation to reconsider the relationship between instrumentalist ideologies shaping education and the multiple forms of extremisms that exist.

Beginning with a detailed discussion of the complicated and contested nature of different forms of extremism, including extremism of both a religious and secular nature, the authors show that common assumptions in contemporary discourses on education and extremism are problematic. Chapters in the book provide a careful selection of pertinent and topical case studies, policy analysis and insightful critique of extremist discourses. Taken together, the chapters in the book make a powerful case for re-engaging with liberal education in order to foster values of individual and social enrichment, intellectual freedom, criticality, open-mindedness, flexibility and reflection as antidotes to extremist ideologies. Recognising recent criticisms of liberalism and liberal education, the authors argue for a new understanding of liberal education that is suitable for multicultural societies in a rapidly globalising world.

This book is essential reading for academics, researchers and postgraduate students with an interest in religion, citizenship education, liberalism, secularism, counter-terrorism, social policy, Muslim education, youth studies and extremism. It is also relevant to teacher educators, teachers and policymakers.

chapter |13 pages


ByFarid Panjwani, Lynn Revell, Reza Gholami, Mike Diboll

part 1|74 pages

State policies and educational practices

chapter 1|14 pages

Challenging extremism and promoting cohesion

National policies and local implementation
ByJoyce Miller

chapter 2|14 pages

Education, freedom of belief and countering terrorism

The minefield between UK policy and school implementation
ByAngela Quartermaine

chapter 3|15 pages

Education and disengagement

Extremism and the perception of Muslim students
ByTania Saeed

chapter 4|14 pages

Street children, integrated education and violence in northern Nigeria

ByChidi Ezegwu, Adewole O. Adedokun, Chioma Ezegwu

chapter 5|15 pages

Misplaced Utopia

Education and extremism – the case of Pakistan
ByFarid Panjwani, Zulfiqar Khimani

part 2|86 pages

Perspectives on extremism

chapter 6|14 pages

Challenging the legitimacy of extremism

Critique through education in the work of Khaled Abou El Fadl
ByAngus M. Slater

chapter 7|13 pages

Teaching early Muslim history

Facilitating criticality through a source-based approach
ByPhilip Wood

chapter 9|17 pages

Gender equality in education, context and criticality

Student teacher engagements in three northern Nigerian states
ByElaine Unterhalter, Chidi Ezegwu, Adewole O. Adedokun, Mulika Lamido Dodo, Wadata Dangaladim

chapter 10|14 pages

The balanced nation

Addressing the challenges of Islamist and far-right extremism in the classroom
ByJustin Crawford, Julia Ebner, Usama Hasan

chapter 11|15 pages

Multiple ontologies of extremism

ISISes in education, a case study
ByMike Diboll

part 3|77 pages

Reconceptualising liberal education and criticality

chapter 12|14 pages

Negotiating difference in education

Extremism, political agency and an ethics of care
BySarah V. Marsden

chapter 13|13 pages

Resilience and soft power

An analysis of UK government and international guidelines and resources to address radicalisation and extremism in education
ByLynn Revell

chapter 14|13 pages

Tolerance, its moral ambiguity and civic value for schools

ByRobert A. Bowie

chapter 15|13 pages

Nurturing critical thinking across self-other dichotomies

ByDaryoush Mohammad Poor

chapter 16|14 pages

Cosmopolitanism as transformative experience

Towards a new social ethic
ByReza Gholami

chapter |7 pages


ByMike Diboll, Lynn Revell, Reza Gholami, Farid Panjwani