Contemporary security has expanded its meaning, content and structure in response to globalisation and the emergence of greatly improved world-wide communication. The protocols of modern warfare, including targeted killing, enhanced interrogations, mass electronic surveillance and the virtualisation of war have changed the moral landscape and brought diverse new interactions with politics, law, religion, ethics and technology.

This book addresses how and why the nature of security has changed and what this means for the security actors involved and the wider society. Offering a crossdisciplinary perspective on concepts, meanings and categories of security, the book brings together scholars and experts from a range of disciplines including political, military studies and security studies, political economy and international relations. Contributors reflect upon new communication methods, postmodern concepts of warfare, technological determinants and cultural preferences to provide new theoretical and analytical insights into a changing security environment and the protocols of war in the 21st century.

A useful text for scholars and students of security studies, international relations, global governance, international law and ethics, foreign policy, comparative studies and contemporary world history.

chapter 1|9 pages


Protocols of modern war

chapter 3|15 pages

Violence reconsidered

Towards postmodern warfare

chapter 4|14 pages

Private security, military companies and foreign fighters

Possible interactions and potential practical implications

chapter 6|14 pages

Complicating security

The multiple narratives emerging from the Ukraine crisis

chapter 7|16 pages

Technology, development, global commons and international security

A global commons and interdisciplinary approach to global security

chapter 9|13 pages

From MK-Ultra project to Human Terrain System

Militarisation of social sciences – ethical dilemmas and future prospects

chapter 11|19 pages

European military and dual-use technology transfers to Russia

The impact on European and Transatlantic security

chapter 12|12 pages

Dilemmas of security and social justice

The Maoist insurgency in India

chapter 13|16 pages

Cyber security norms in the Euro-Atlantic region

NATO and the EU as norm entrepreneurs and norm diffusers

chapter 15|8 pages


Protocols of war – dimensions and layers