Vocational Education in the Nordic Countries: The Historical Evolution is the first of two books that disseminate new and systematic knowledge on the strengths and weaknesses of the different models of vocational education and training (VET) in four Nordic countries. Vocational education in Europe has resisted standardisation to a higher degree than other fields of education, and during the last decade, there has been a growth in international, comparative VET research. While the Nordic countries provide an ideal case for comparative education studies, the literature in English on the Nordic VET systems is at present very limited.

This first book provides thorough examinations of VET in Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland over 150 years. Each section examines the historical evolution of VET at upper secondary level in one of the four Nordic countries. Contributors also analyse how each country have tried to reform their respective VET systems, and compare the paths which each nation has taken. The book explores what can be learned from the diversity of the VET-systems in the Nordic countries, which otherwise have many similarities and share a common heritage in education policy.

This volume will help strengthen the knowledge base required for transnational policy learning, and for developing vocational education internationally for the future. It will be of interest to researchers, academics and postgraduate students involved in the study of vocational education, educational studies and educational policy, education planners and teachers educators.

chapter 2|22 pages

The development of Finnish vocational education and training from 1850 to 1945

ByMarja-Leena Stenström, Maarit Virolainen

chapter 3|20 pages


The formative period for VET (1850–1945)
ByJonas Olofsson, Daniel Persson Thunqvist

chapter 4|18 pages

The case of Norwegian VET – origins and early development 1850–1945

BySvein Michelsen, Håkon Høst

chapter 5|18 pages

Historical evolution of vocational education in Denmark until 1945

ByChristian Helms Jørgensen, Gudmund Bøndergaard

chapter 6|22 pages

The modern evolution of vocational education and training in Finland (1945–2015)

ByMarja-Leena Stenström, Maarit Virolainen

chapter 7|22 pages

The modern evolution of VET in Sweden (1945–2015)

ByJonas Olofsson, Daniel Persson Thunqvist

chapter 8|25 pages

Norwegian VET and the ascent and decline of social democracy 1945–2015

BySvein Michelsen, Håkon Høst

chapter 9|20 pages

The modernisation of the apprenticeship system in Denmark 1945–2015

ByChristian Helms Jørgensen

chapter 10|44 pages


BySvein Michelsen