This volume presents a sophisticated set of archival, forensic, and excavation methods to identify both individuals and group affiliations—cultural, religious, and organizational—in a multiethnic historical cemetery. Based on an extensive excavation project of more than 1,000 nineteenth-century burials in downtown Tucson, Arizona, the team of historians, archaeologists, biological anthropologists, and community researchers created an effective methodology for use at other historical-period sites. Comparisons made with other excavated cemeteries strengthens the power of this toolkit for historical archaeologists and others. The volume also sensitizes archaeologists to the concerns of community and cultural groups to mortuary excavation and outlines procedures for proper consultation with the descendants of the cemetery’s inhabitants. Copublished with SRI Press

chapter Chapter 1|30 pages


ByMichael P. Heilen

chapter Chapter 2|37 pages

Historic and Archaeological Overview for The Alameda-Stone Cemetery

ByMichael P. Heilen, Kristin J. Sewell

chapter Chapter 3|13 pages

Cultural Affinity, Identity, and Relatedness: Distinguishing Individuals and Cultural Groups

ByLynne Goldstein, Joseph T. Hefner, Kristin J. Sewell, Michael P. Heilen

chapter Chapter 4|60 pages

Life, Death, and Dying in Southeastern Arizona, 1860–1880: Historical Accounts and Bioarchaeological Evidence

ByMichael P. Heilen, Joseph T. Hefner, Mitchell A. Keur

chapter Chapter 5|19 pages

Deathways and Tucson's Living Population 1860–1880

ByKristin J. Sewell, Michael P. Heilen, Lynne Goldstein

chapter Chapter 6|42 pages

Mortuary Synthesis

ByLynne Goldstein, Kristin J. Sewell, Michael P. Heilen, Joseph T. Hefner

chapter Chapter 7|23 pages

The Alameda-Stone Cemetery and Mortuary Archaeology

ByLynne Goldstein

chapter Chapter 8|13 pages

Cemeteries, Consultation, Repatriation, Reburial, and Sacred Spaces Today

ByLynne Goldstein, Roger Anyon