In the context of sustainable development, recent land debates tend to construct two porous camps. On the one side, norms of land justice and their advocates dictate that people’s rights to tenure security are tantamount and even sometimes key to successful conservation practice. On the other hand, biodiversity protection and conservation advocates, supported by global environmental organizations and states, remain committed to conservation strategies, steeped in genetics and biological sciences, working on behalf of a "global" mandate for biodiversity and climate change mitigation.

Land Rights, Biodiversity Conservation and Justice seeks to illuminate struggles for land and territory in the context of biodiversity conservation. This edited volume explores the particular ideologies, narratives and practices that are mobilized when the agendas of biodiversity conservation practice meet, clash, and blend with the demands for land and access and control of resources from people living in, and in close proximity to, parks.

The book maintains that, while biodiversity conservation is an important goal in a time where climate change is a real threat to human existence, the successful and just future of biodiversity conservation is contingent upon land tenure security for local people. The original research gathered together in this volume will be of considerable interest to researchers of development studies, political ecology, land rights, and conservation.

chapter 1|13 pages


Land rights, biodiversity conservation and justice—rethinking parks and people

part II|77 pages

Militarization, violence, and exclusion

chapter 4|21 pages

Deploying difference

51Security threat narratives and state displacement from protected areas

chapter 5|18 pages

Green violence

Market-driven conservation and the reforeignization of space in Laikipia, Kenya

chapter 6|18 pages

Elusive space

Peasants and resource politics in the Colombian Caribbean

chapter 7|19 pages

“When land becomes gold”

Changing political ecology of the commons in a rural–urban frontier

part III|80 pages

Indigenous territorial struggles

chapter 8|21 pages

Indigeneity, alternative development and conservation

128Political ecology of forest and land control in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh

chapter 9|18 pages

Wapichan Wiizi

Conservation politics in the Rupununi (Guyana)

chapter 10|18 pages

Science as friend and foe

The “technologies of humility” in the changing relationship to science in community forest debates in Thailand

chapter 11|22 pages

The Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve

A postcolonial feminist political ecological reading of violence and territorial struggles in Honduras