Given the growing urgency to develop global responses to a changing climate, The Carbon Fix examines the social and equity dimensions of putting the world’s forests—and, necessarily, the rural people who manage and depend on them—at the center of climate policy efforts such as REDD+, intended to slow global warming. The book assesses the implications of international policy approaches that focus on forests as carbon and especially, forest carbon offsets, for rights, justice, and climate governance.

Contributions from leading anthropologists and geographers analyze a growing trend towards market principles and financialization of nature in environmental governance, placing it into conceptual, critical, and historical context. The book then challenges perceptions of forest carbon initiatives through in-depth, field-based case studies assessing projects, policies, and procedures at various scales, from informed consent to international carbon auditing. While providing a mixed assessment of the potential for forest carbon initiatives to balance carbon with social goals, the authors present compelling evidence for the complexities of the carbon offset enterprise, fraught with competing interests and interpretations at multiple scales, and having unanticipated and often deleterious effects on the resources and rights of the world’s poorest peoples—especially indigenous and rural peoples.

The Carbon Fix provides nuanced insights into political, economic, and ethical issues associated with climate change policy. Its case approach and fresh perspective are critical to environmental professionals, development planners, and project managers; and to students in upper level undergraduate and graduate courses in environmental anthropology and geography, environmental and policy studies, international development, and indigenous studies.

chapter |22 pages

Introduction: Carbon Offset Markets and Social Equity: Trading in Forests to Save the Planet

ByShirley J. Fiske, Stephanie Paladino

part |2 pages

SECTION I Framing the Carbon Regime in the Context of Global Trends

chapter 1|12 pages

A Genealogy of Exchangeable Nature

ByJames Igoe

chapter 2|23 pages

Profits and Promises: Can Carbon Trading Save Forests and Aid Development?

Byand Aid Development? Kathleen McAfee

chapter 4|15 pages

Justice and Equity in Carbon Offset Governance: Debates and Dilemmas

ByMary Finley-Brook

part |2 pages

SECTION II Accounting and Accountability

part |2 pages

SECTION IV REDD, Rights, and Equity

part |2 pages

SECTION V Alternative Configurations of Community and Governance