The Routledge Companion to Media and Activism is a wide-ranging collection of 42 original and authoritative essays by leading contributors from a variety of academic disciplines.

Introducing and exploring central debates about the diverse relationships between both media and protest, and communication and social change, the book offers readers a reliable and informed guide to understanding how media and activism influence one another. The expert contributors examine the tactics and strategies of protest movements, and how activists organize themselves and each other; they investigate the dilemmas of media coverage and the creation of alternative media spaces and platforms; and they emphasize the importance of creativity and art in social change.

Bringing together case studies and contributors from six continents, the collection is organized around themes that address past, present and future developments from around the world. The Routledge Companion to Media and Activism is an essential reference and guide for those who want to understand this vital area.

chapter |15 pages


Making meanings and making trouble
ByGraham Meikle

part |58 pages


chapter |9 pages

Looking back, looking ahead

What has changed in social movement media since the internet and social media?
ByJohn D. H. Downing

chapter |9 pages

The nexus between media, communication and social movementsLooking back and the way forward

ByDonatella della Porta, Elena Pavan

chapter |8 pages

Nonviolent activism and the media

Gandhi and beyond
BySean Scalmer

chapter |11 pages

Can the Women’s Peace Camp be televised?

Challenging mainstream media coverage of Greenham Common
ByAnna Feigenbaum

chapter |8 pages

Artistic activism

ByStephen Duncombe, Steve Lambert

chapter |9 pages

Alternative computing

ByLeah A. Lievrouw

part |77 pages

Organizations and identities

chapter |10 pages

Transformative media organizing

Key lessons from participatory communications research with the immigrant rights, Occupy, and LGBTQ and Two-Spirit movements
BySasha Costanza-Chock

chapter |10 pages

Affective publics and windows of opportunity

Social media and the potential for social change
ByZizi Papacharissi, Meggan Taylor Trevey

chapter |11 pages

Social media and contentious action in China

ByZixue Tai

chapter |9 pages

Connective or collective?

The intersection between online crowds and social movements in contemporary activism
ByAnastasia Kavada

chapter |8 pages

The communicative core of working class organization

ByJesse Drew

chapter |9 pages

Digital activism and the future of worker resistance

ByLina Dencik, Peter Wilkin

chapter |8 pages

Forming publics

Alternative media and activist cultural practices
ByRicarda Drüeke, Elke Zobl

part |54 pages

Activist arts

chapter |9 pages

Cats, punk, arson and new media

Art activism in Russia 2007–2015
ByYngvar B. Steinholt

chapter |9 pages

Art as activism in Japan

The case of a good-for-nothing kid and her pussy
ByMark McLell

chapter |8 pages

Music and activism

From prefigurative to pragmatic politics
ByAndrew Green, John Street

chapter |8 pages

Small ‘p’ politics and minor gestures

political artists, politics and aesthetics in contemporary art
ByMaria Mira, Norie Neumark

chapter |9 pages

I can haz rights?

Online memes as digital embodiment of craft(ivism)
ByVictoria Esteves

chapter |9 pages

Feminist protest assemblages and remix culture

ByRed Chidgey

part |63 pages

Tactics of visibility

chapter |9 pages

Affective activism and political secularism

The unending body in the Femen movement
ByCamilla Møhring Reestorff

chapter |7 pages

The purchase of witnessing in human rights activism

BySra Ristovska

chapter |9 pages

Palestine online

Occupation and liberation in the digital age
ByMiriyam Aouragh

chapter |9 pages

Turning murders into public executions

‘Beheading videos’ as alternative media
ByJoe F. Khalil

chapter |9 pages

Urban graffiti, political activism and resistance

ByNoureddine Miladi

chapter |9 pages

Leaktivism and its discontents

ByAthina Karatzogianni

chapter |9 pages


Mapping power as collective practice
ByMesquita (translated by Victoria Esteves) André

part |47 pages

Contesting narratives

chapter |9 pages

Climate justice, hacktivist sensibilities, prototypes of change

ByAdrienne Russell

chapter |9 pages

The British National Party

Digital discourse and power
ByChris Atton

chapter |9 pages

Mapping social media trajectories in Zimbabwe

ByBruce Mutsvairo

chapter |9 pages

The case of the destroyed plaque

Social media, collective memory and activism in Cartagena, Colombia
ByAnamaria Tamayo-Duque, Toby Miller

part |49 pages

Changing the media

chapter |10 pages

Policy activism

Advocating, protesting and hacking media regulation
ByArne Hintz

chapter |8 pages

Media activism

Media change?
ByNatalie Fenton

chapter |9 pages

Fan activism

BySamantha Close

chapter |9 pages

Acting out

Resisting copyright monopolies
BySteve Collins

chapter |10 pages

Disability and media activism

ByKatie Ellis, Gerard Goggin

part |50 pages

Beyond social media

chapter |9 pages

From digital activism to algorithmic resistance

ByEmiliano Treré

chapter |9 pages

On the question of blockchain activism

ByOliver Leistert

chapter |10 pages

‘Dear Mr. Neo-Nazi, can you please give me your informed consent so that I can quote your fascist tweet?’

Questions of social media research ethics in online ideology critique
ByChristian Fuchs

chapter |9 pages

Beyond ‘report, block, ignore’

Informal responses to trolling and harassment on social media
ByFrances Shaw

chapter |11 pages

Organized networks in the age of platform capitalism

ByGeert Lovink, Ned Rossiter