As urban regions face the demand to decrease fossil fuel dependency, many cities in the developing world are undertaking initiatives designed to create a greener city by aiming for a more sustainable form of urban development and, to do so, they need to evaluate existing modes of transportation and patterns of land use. Focusing on Oslo, an early leader in urban environmental policy making and a European 'green city' award winner, it argues that this evaluation must adopt and integrate two approaches: firstly, as a process of ecological modernization based on a combination of transit, densification, and mixed use development and secondly, as an opportunity to reconsider the character and substance of the built environment as a reflection of natural values, landscapes and natural resources of the wider region. Environmental debate and concern is widespread in Oslo, and this is reflected in its earlier planning decisions to leave intact large forest reserves, its successful ecological restoration of the Oslo fjord, the importance of outdoor culture among its residents, the relatively progressive political agenda of Norway, This book provides an opportunity for a critical assessment of the limitations and opportunities inherent in 'green Oslo' and suggests the need for much broader integrative approaches. It concludes by highlighting lessons which other cities might learn from Oslo.

chapter |24 pages

Introduction: Nature, Urbanism and Liveability

ByMark Luccarelli, Per Gunnar Røe

part I|91 pages

Visions, metaphors and patterns

chapter 1|19 pages

Biophilic Oslo

ByTimothy Beatley

chapter 2|23 pages

Oslo: A City Framed by Forest

ByKaren V. Lykke Syse

chapter 3|10 pages

Recollections of an Urban Green: The Frogner Park

ByFredrik Chr. Brøgger

chapter 4|35 pages

Oslo's Ullevål Garden City: An Experiment in Urbanism and Landscape Design

ByMark Brown, Mark Luccarelli

part II|95 pages

Policies, discourses and dilemmas

chapter 5|17 pages

Can Cities be Green?

ByPeter Hemmersam

chapter 7|18 pages

Green Suburbanisms: Differentiating the Greenness of Suburbs

ByPer Gunnar Røe

chapter 8|20 pages

Driving Spaces and the Dilemma of the Green City

ByEven Smith Wergeland

chapter 9|15 pages

Design with Nature: The Gardener's View

ByPer Hedfors, Clas Florgård

part III|71 pages

Plans, politics and outcomes

chapter 11|27 pages

Planning for a Green Oslo

ByKarsten Jørgensen, Kine Halvorsen Thoren

chapter 12|17 pages

Planning a Compact Oslo

ByEva Falleth, Inger-Lise Saglie