Warfare has long been central to a proper understanding of ancient Greece and Rome, worlds where war was, as the philosopher Heraclitus observed, ‘both king and father of all’. More recently, however, the understanding of Classical antiquity solely in such terms has been challenged; it is recognised that while war was pervasive, and a key concern in the narratives of ancient historians, a concomitant desire for peace was also constant. This volume places peace in the prime position as a panel of scholars stresses the importance of ‘peace’ as a positive concept in the ancient world (and not just the absence of, or necessarily even related to, war), and considers examples of conflict resolution, conciliation, and concession from Homer to Augustine. Comparing and contrasting theories and practice across different periods and regions, this collection highlights, first, the open and dynamic nature of peace, and then seeks to review a wide variety of initiatives from across the Classical world.

chapter 1|12 pages


Imagining, establishing, and instituting peace
ByE. P. Moloney, Michael Stuart Williams

part |117 pages

Imagining peace in the ancient world

chapter 2|12 pages

Solon the peacemaker *

ByWilliam Allan

chapter 3|17 pages

Aristotle on peace

Biological, political, ethical, and metaphysical dimensions
ByWill Desmond

chapter 4|22 pages

(What’s so funny ’bout) peace, love, and understanding?

Imagining peace in Greek comedy
ByIan Ruffell

chapter 5|20 pages

Reconciliation in later Classical and post-Classical Greek cities

A question of peace and peacefulness?
ByBenjamin Gray

chapter 7|13 pages

Peace and empire

Pacare, pacatus, and the language of Roman imperialism
ByMyles Lavan

chapter 8|15 pages

Blessed are the peacemakers

Visions of Christian peace from Christ to Constantine
ByDavid M. Gwynn

part |84 pages

Establishing peace in the ancient world

chapter 9|15 pages

Cyrus the Great

An unconventional peacemaker
BySelga Medenieks

chapter 10|12 pages

International arbitration in Archaic Greece

ByAideen Carty

chapter 11|18 pages

Once an ally, always an ally

Sparta’s approach to policing the oaths of her allies in the late fifth and early fourth centuries
ByAndrew J. Bayliss

chapter 12|17 pages

The compromise of kings

Philip II and Macedonian peace
ByE. P. Moloney

chapter 13|7 pages

Deditio in the second century bc

Subjugation and reconciliation
ByJohn Richardson

chapter 14|13 pages

How wars end

Three thoughts on the fall of Jerusalem
ByJohn Curran

part |89 pages

Instituting peace in the ancient world

chapter 16|17 pages

Monuments to victory and symbols of peace and reconciliation?

Re-viewing post-war building in Classical Athens and Achaemenid Persia
ByJanett Morgan

chapter 17|7 pages

Peace and reconciliation, Athenian-style

ByMichael Edwards

chapter 18|16 pages

Beyond war, imperialism, and Panhellenism

Xenophon’s Eirenic thought
ByJoseph Jansen

chapter 19|14 pages

Punishment and reconciliation: Augustine

ByP. Iver Kaufman

chapter 20|19 pages

Reading reconciliation in late antique altercationes

ByMichael Stuart Williams