Socialist countries like Yugoslavia garnered legitimacy through appealing to social equality. Yet social stratification was characteristic of Yugoslav society and increased over the course of the state's existence. By the 1980s the country was divided on socio-economic as well as national lines. Through case studies from a range of social millieux, contributors to this volume seek to 'bring class back in' to Yugoslav historiography, exploring how theorisations of social class informed the politics and policies of social mobility and conversely, how societal or grassroots understandings of class have influenced politics and policy. Rather than focusing on regional differentiation between Yugoslav republics and provinces the emphasis is placed on social differentiation and discontent within particular communities. The contributing authors of these historical studies come from diverse disciplinary backgrounds, linking scholarship from the socialist era to contemporary research based on accessing newly available primary sources. Voices of a wide spectrum of informants are included in the volume; from factory workers and subsistence farmers to fictional television characters and pop-folk music superstars.

chapter 1|20 pages

Bringing Class Back in

An introduction 1

chapter 2|17 pages

What Nationalism has Buried

Yugoslav social scientists on the crisis, grassroots powerlessness and Yugoslavism

chapter 4|19 pages

‘Paid for by the Workers, Occupied by the Bureaucrats'

Housing inequalities in 1980s Belgrade 1

chapter 7|20 pages

Of Social Inequalities in a Socialist Society

The creation of a rural underclass in Yugoslav Kosovo 1

chapter 8|23 pages

‘They Came as Workers and Left as Serbs'

The role of Rakovica's blue-collar workers in Serbian social mobilisations of the late 1980s 1