The Routledge Handbook of Social Care Work Around the World provides both a comprehensive and authoritative state-of-the-art review of the current research in this subject. It is the first handbook to cover social care work research from around the world, including both low- and middle-income countries as well as high income countries.

Each of the 22 chapters are written by experts on long-term care services, particularly for older people and cover key issues and debates, based on research evidence, on social care work in a specific country. They look at perspectives of social care work from the macro level: the structural conditions for long-term care, including demographic challenges and the long-term care policy, the meso level: the level of provider organizations and intermediaries, and the micro level: views of care workers, care users, and unpaid informal carers. Furthermore, they discuss a number of topics central to discussions of care work including marketization, personalization policies, policy implementation under austerity, the provision of social care work whether through public services, or private arrangements, or mixed types, funding, the feminization of social care and the new role that technology, and robots can play in care work.

By drawing together leading scholars from around the world, this book provides an up to the minute snapshot of current scholarship as well as signposting several fruitful avenues for future research. This book is both an invaluable resource for scholars and an indispensable teaching tool for use in the classroom and will be of interest to students, academics, social workers, social policy-makers and human service professionals.

chapter |12 pages


part I|45 pages

Nordic countries

chapter 1|14 pages

Long-term care services in Norway

A historical sociological perspective

chapter 2|16 pages

Revisiting the public care model

The Danish case of free choice in home care

chapter 3|13 pages

Organizational trends impacting on everyday realities

The case of Swedish eldercare

part II|97 pages

Northern and Western Europe

chapter 4|13 pages

Long-term care reforms in the Netherlands

Care work at stake

chapter 5|14 pages

The English social care workforce

The vexed question of low wages and stress

chapter 7|14 pages

The development of an ambiguous care work sector in France

Between professionalization and fragmentation

chapter 8|14 pages

Care provision inside and outside the professional care system

The case of long-term care insurance in Germany

chapter 9|12 pages

Employing migrant care workers for 24-hour care in private households in Austria

Benefits and risks for the long-term care system

chapter 10|14 pages

Migrant care workers in Italian households

Recent trends and future perspectives

part III|28 pages

Eastern Europe

chapter 11|12 pages

Post-socialist eldercare in the Czech Republic

Institutions, families, and the market

chapter 12|14 pages

Imbalance between demand and supply of long-term care

The case of post-communist Poland

part IV|16 pages

Between Europe and Asia

chapter 13|14 pages

Long-term care in Turkey

Challenges and opportunities

part V|69 pages


chapter 14|15 pages

The emergence of the eldercare industry in China

Progress and challenges

chapter 16|13 pages

Migrant live-in care workers in Taiwan

Multiple roles, cultural functions, and the new division of care labour

chapter 17|15 pages

Has the long-term care insurance contributed to de-familialization?

Familialization and marketization of eldercare in Japan

chapter 18|14 pages

Care robots in Japanese elderly care

Cultural values in focus

part VI|30 pages

North America

chapter 19|16 pages

Long-term services and supports for the elderly in the United States

A complex system of perverse incentives

chapter 20|12 pages

Complexities, tensions, and promising practices

Work in Canadian long-term residential care

part VII|15 pages


chapter 21|13 pages

Reforms to long-term care in Australia

A changing and challenging landscape

part VIII|15 pages

Latin America

chapter 22|13 pages

Facing the challenges of population longevity but not being ready

The case of Argentina 1