The International Handbook of the Learning Sciences is a comprehensive collection of international perspectives on this interdisciplinary field. In more than 50 chapters, leading experts synthesize past, current, and emerging theoretical and empirical directions for learning sciences research. The three sections of the handbook capture, respectively: foundational contributions from multiple disciplines and the ways in which the learning sciences has fashioned these into its own brand of use-oriented theory, design, and evidence; learning sciences approaches to designing, researching, and evaluating learning broadly construed; and the methodological diversity of learning sciences research, assessment, and analytic approaches. This pioneering collection is the definitive volume of international learning sciences scholarship and an essential text for scholars in this area.

chapter 1|8 pages


Evolution of Research in the Learning Sciences
ByFrank Fischer, Susan R. Goldman, Cindy E. Hmelo-Silver, Peter Reimann

part 1|158 pages

Historical Foundations and Theoretical Orientations of the Learning Sciences

chapter 2|13 pages

A Short History of the Learning Sciences

ByChristopher Hoadley

chapter 3|10 pages

Epistemic Cognition and Epistemic Development

ByClark Chinn, William Sandoval

chapter 4|10 pages

Cognitive and Sociocultural Perspectives on Learning

Tensions and Synergy in the Learning Sciences
ByJoshua A. Danish, Melissa Gresalfi

chapter 5|10 pages

Apprenticeship Learning

ByJulia Eberle

chapter 6|10 pages


ByPeter Reimann, Lina Markauskaite

chapter 7|11 pages

Cognitive Neuroscience Foundations for the Learning Sciences

BySashank Varma, Soo-hyun Im, Astrid Schmied, Kasey Michel, Keisha Varma

chapter 8|11 pages

Embodied Cognition in Learning and Teaching

Action, Observation, and Imagination
ByMartha W. Alibali, Mitchell J. Nathan

chapter 9|10 pages

Learning From Multiple Sources in a Digital Society

BySusan R. Goldman, Saskia Brand-Gruwel

chapter 10|10 pages

Multiple Representations and Multimedia Learning

ByShaaron Ainsworth

chapter 11|10 pages

Learning Within and Beyond the Disciplines

ByLeslie R. Herrenkohl, Joseph L. Polman

chapter 12|11 pages

Motivation, Engagement, and Interest

“In the End, It Came Down to You and How You Think of the Problem”
ByK. Ann Renninger, Yanyan Ren, Heidi M. Kern

chapter 13|10 pages

Contemporary Perspectives of Regulated Learning in Collaboration

BySanna Järvelä, Allyson Hadwin, Jonna Malmberg, Mariel Miller

chapter 14|10 pages

Collective Knowledge Construction

ByUlrike Cress, Joachim Kimmerle

chapter 15|10 pages

Learning at Work

Social Practices and Units of Analysis
BySten Ludvigsen, Monika Nerland

chapter 16|10 pages

Complex Systems and the Learning Sciences

Implications for Learning, Theory, and Methodologies
BySusan A. Yoon

part 2|213 pages

Learning Environments

chapter 17|11 pages

4C/ID in the Context of Instructional Design and the Learning Sciences

ByJeroen J. G. van Merriënboer, Paul A. Kirschner

chapter 18|11 pages

Classroom Orchestration

ByPierre Dillenbourg, Luis P. Prieto, Jennifer K. Olsen

chapter 19|10 pages

Research on Scaffolding in the Learning Sciences

A Methodological Perspective
ByIris Tabak, Eleni A. Kyza

chapter 20|9 pages

Example-Based Learning

ByTamara van Gog, Nikol Rummel

chapter 21|11 pages

Learning Through Problem Solving

ByCindy E. Hmelo-Silver, Manu Kapur, Miki Hamstra

chapter 22|13 pages

Inquiry Learning and Opportunities for Technology

ByMarcia C. Linn, Kevin W. McElhaney, Libby Gerard, Camillia Matuk

chapter 23|12 pages

Supporting Informal STEM Learning with Technological Exhibits

An Ecosystemic Approach
ByLeilah Lyons

chapter 24|10 pages

Intelligent Tutoring Systems

ByArthur C. Graesser, Xiangen Hu, Robert Sottilare

chapter 25|11 pages

Simulations, Games, and Modeling Tools for Learning

ByTon de Jong, Ard Lazonder, Margus Pedaste, Zacharias Zacharia

chapter 26|9 pages

Supporting Teacher Learning Through Design, Technology, and Open Educational Resources

ByMimi Recker, Tamara Sumner

chapter 27|9 pages

Games in the Learning Sciences

Reviewing Evidence From Playing and Making Games for Learning
ByDeborah A. Fields, Yasmin B. Kafai

chapter 28|10 pages

The Maker Movement and Learning

ByErica Halverson, Kylie Peppler

chapter 29|13 pages

Knowledge Building

Theory, Design, and Analysis
ByCarol K. K. Chan, Jan van Aalst

chapter 30|10 pages

Collective Inquiry in Communities of Learners

ByJames D. Slotta, Rebecca M. Quintana, Tom Moher

chapter 31|12 pages

Computer-Supported Argumentation and Learning

ByBaruch B. Schwarz

chapter 32|10 pages

Theoretical and Methodological Frameworks for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning

ByHeisawn Jeong, Kylie Hartley

chapter 33|11 pages

Scaffolding and Scripting (Computer-Supported) Collaborative Learning

ByIngo Kollar, Christof Wecker, Frank Fischer

chapter 34|8 pages

Group Awareness Tools for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning

ByDaniel Bodemer, Jeroen Janssen, Lenka Schnaubert

chapter 35|9 pages

Mobile Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning

ByChee-Kit Looi, Lung-Hsiang Wong

chapter 36|12 pages

Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and Rich Landscapes of Learning

A Learning Sciences Perspective
ByGerhard Fischer

part 3|161 pages

Research, Assessment, and Analytic Methods

chapter 37|10 pages

Design-Based Research (DBR)

BySadhana Puntambekar

chapter 38|8 pages

Design-Based Implementation Research

ByBarry Fishman, William Penuel

chapter 39|9 pages

Participatory Design and the Learning Sciences

ByKimberley Gomez, Eleni A. Kyza, Nicole Mancevice

chapter 40|12 pages

Assessment of and for Learning

ByJames W. Pellegrino

chapter 41|11 pages

Learning Progressions

ByRavit Golan Duncan, Ann E. Rivet

chapter 42|11 pages

Measuring Competencies

ByStefan Ufer, Knut Neumann

chapter 43|11 pages

Mixed Methods Research as a Pragmatic Toolkit

Understanding Versus Fixing Complexity in the Learning Sciences
ByFilitsa Dingyloudi, Jan-Willem Strijbos

chapter 44|10 pages

Multivocal Analysis

Multiple Perspectives in Analyzing Interaction
ByKristine Lund, Daniel Suthers

chapter 45|10 pages


Studying the Practical Achievement of Intersubjectivity
ByTimothy Koschmann

chapter 46|14 pages

Interactional Ethnography

ByJudith L. Green, Susan M. Bridges

chapter 47|11 pages

Video Research Methods for Learning Scientists

State of the Art and Future Directions
BySharon J. Derry, Lana M. Minshew, Kelly J. Barber-Lester, Rebekah Duke

chapter 48|11 pages

Quantifying Qualities of Collaborative Learning Processes

ByFreydis Vogel, Armin Weinberger

chapter 49|9 pages

Learning Analytics in the Learning Sciences

ByCarolyn P. Rosé

chapter 50|12 pages

Epistemic Network Analysis

Understanding Learning by Using Big Data for Thick Description
ByDavid Williamson Shaffer

chapter 51|10 pages

Selecting Statistical Methods for the Learning Sciences and Reporting Their Results

ByBram De Wever, Hilde Van Keer