The International Handbook of the Learning Sciences is a comprehensive collection of international perspectives on this interdisciplinary field. In more than 50 chapters, leading experts synthesize past, current, and emerging theoretical and empirical directions for learning sciences research. The three sections of the handbook capture, respectively: foundational contributions from multiple disciplines and the ways in which the learning sciences has fashioned these into its own brand of use-oriented theory, design, and evidence; learning sciences approaches to designing, researching, and evaluating learning broadly construed; and the methodological diversity of learning sciences research, assessment, and analytic approaches. This pioneering collection is the definitive volume of international learning sciences scholarship and an essential text for scholars in this area.

chapter 1|8 pages


Evolution of Research in the Learning Sciences

part 1|158 pages

Historical Foundations and Theoretical Orientations of the Learning Sciences

chapter 4|10 pages

Cognitive and Sociocultural Perspectives on Learning

Tensions and Synergy in the Learning Sciences

chapter 5|10 pages

Apprenticeship Learning

chapter 6|10 pages


chapter 8|11 pages

Embodied Cognition in Learning and Teaching

Action, Observation, and Imagination

chapter 12|11 pages

Motivation, Engagement, and Interest

“In the End, It Came Down to You and How You Think of the Problem”

chapter 15|10 pages

Learning at Work

Social Practices and Units of Analysis

chapter 16|10 pages

Complex Systems and the Learning Sciences

Implications for Learning, Theory, and Methodologies

part 2|213 pages

Learning Environments

chapter 19|10 pages

Research on Scaffolding in the Learning Sciences

A Methodological Perspective

chapter 20|9 pages

Example-Based Learning

chapter 23|12 pages

Supporting Informal STEM Learning with Technological Exhibits

An Ecosystemic Approach

chapter 27|9 pages

Games in the Learning Sciences

Reviewing Evidence From Playing and Making Games for Learning

chapter 29|13 pages

Knowledge Building

Theory, Design, and Analysis

chapter 36|12 pages

Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and Rich Landscapes of Learning

A Learning Sciences Perspective

part 3|161 pages

Research, Assessment, and Analytic Methods

chapter 37|10 pages

Design-Based Research (DBR)

chapter 41|11 pages

Learning Progressions

chapter 42|11 pages

Measuring Competencies

chapter 43|11 pages

Mixed Methods Research as a Pragmatic Toolkit

Understanding Versus Fixing Complexity in the Learning Sciences

chapter 44|10 pages

Multivocal Analysis

Multiple Perspectives in Analyzing Interaction

chapter 45|10 pages


Studying the Practical Achievement of Intersubjectivity

chapter 47|11 pages

Video Research Methods for Learning Scientists

State of the Art and Future Directions

chapter 50|12 pages

Epistemic Network Analysis

Understanding Learning by Using Big Data for Thick Description