Children face an overwhelming amount of information and a range of different choices every day, and so there has never been a more important time to understand how children learn to make judgments and decisions in our modern world. Individual Differences in Judgment and Decision-Making presents cutting-edge developmental research to advance our knowledge and understanding of how these competencies emerge.

Focusing on the role of individual differences, the text provides a complementary theoretical approach to understanding the development of judgment and decision-making skills, and how and why these competencies vary within and between different periods of development. Sampling a diverse set of developmental paradigms and measures, as well as considering typical and atypically developing samples, this volume provokes thinking about how we can support our children and youth to help them make better choices.

Drawing on the expertise of a range of international contributors, this book will be of interest to students and researchers of thinking and reasoning from both cognitive and developmental psychology backgrounds.

chapter 1|20 pages

Towards a better understanding of adolescent risk-taking: Contextual moderators and model-based analysis

ByAnna C. K. van Duijvenvoorde, Neeltje E. Blankenstein, Eveline A. Crone, Bernd Figner

chapter 3|19 pages

Decision-making under risk in adolescents: Further evidence of the role of probabilistic reasoning

ByCaterina Primi, Maria Anna Donati, Francesca Chiesi, Angelo Panno

chapter 4|18 pages

Gist is sophisticated yet simple: Fuzzy-trace theory’s developmental approach to individual differences in judgment and decision-making

ByRebecca B. Weldon, Jonathan C. Corbin, David M. N. Garavito, Valerie F. Reyna

chapter 5|22 pages

Temporal discounting and associations with cognitive abilities and ADHD-related diffi culties in a developmental sample

ByMaggie E. Toplak, Armita Hosseini, Alexandra G. Basile

chapter 6|20 pages

Refl ective thought and actively open-minded thinking

ByJonathan Baron, Burcu Gürçay, S. Emlen Metz

chapter 7|20 pages

Individual differences in decision-making competence in different age groups

ByWändi Bruine de Bruin and Andrew M. Parker

chapter 8|19 pages

Perspective-taking abilities across the lifespan: A review of hindsight bias and theory of mind

ByMegan E. Giroux, Patricia I. Coburn, Deborah A. Connolly, Daniel M. Bernstein

chapter 9|20 pages

The link between math and logic in adolescence: The effect of argument form

ByKinga Morsanyi, Tobias Kahl, Rebecca Rooney