Interest in pacifism—an idea with a long history in philosophical thought and in several religious traditions—is growing. The Routledge Handbook of Pacifism and Nonviolence is the first comprehensive reference designed to introduce newcomers and researchers to the many varieties of pacifism and nonviolence, to their history and philosophy, and to pacifism’s most serious critiques. The volume offers 32 brand new chapters from the world’s leading experts across a diverse range of fields, who together provide a broad discussion of pacifism and nonviolence in connection with virtue ethics, capital punishment, animal ethics, ecology, queer theory, and feminism, among other areas. This Handbook is divided into four sections: (1) Historical and Tradition-Specific Considerations, (2) Conceptual and Moral Considerations, (3) Social and Political Considerations, and (4) Applications. It concludes with an Afterword by James Lawson, one of the icons of the nonviolent American Civil Rights movement. The text will be invaluable to scholars and students, as well as to activists and general readers interested in peace, nonviolence, and critical perspectives on war and violence.

chapter |4 pages


ByAndrew Fiala

part I|97 pages

Historical and Tradition-Specific Considerations

chapter 1|8 pages

A History of the Idea of Pacifism and Nonviolence

Ancient to Modern
ByDuane L. Cady

chapter 2|15 pages

Nonviolence and Pacifism in the Long Nineteenth Century

ByMichael Allen Fox

chapter 3|13 pages

Pacifism in the Twentieth Century and Beyond

ByAndrew Fiala

chapter 4|11 pages

Christian Pacifism

ByDaniel A. Dombrowski

chapter 5|10 pages

Peace and Nonviolence in Islam

ByRamin Jahanbegloo

chapter 6|16 pages

Philosophy of Nonviolence in Africa

ByGail M. Presbey

chapter 7|13 pages

Nonviolence in the Dharma Traditions

Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism
ByVeena R. Howard

chapter 8|9 pages

The Gandhi-King Tradition and Satyagraha

ByBarry L. Gan

part II|108 pages

Conceptual and Moral Considerations

chapter 9|11 pages

Pacifism and the Concept of Morality

ByRobert L. Holmes

chapter 10|9 pages


Negative and Positive
ByDavid Boersema

chapter 11|17 pages

The Pacifist Critique of the Just War Tradition

ByCheyney Ryan

chapter 12|12 pages

Contingent Pacifism

ByPaul Morrow

chapter 13|14 pages

Humanitarian Intervention and the Problem of Genocide and Atrocity

ByJennifer Kling

chapter 14|11 pages

Virtue Ethics and Nonviolence

ByDavid K. Chan

chapter 15|12 pages

Personal Pacifism and Conscientious Objection

ByEric Reitan

chapter 16|8 pages


Does It Make Moral Sense?
ByJan Narveson

chapter 17|12 pages

Pacifism as Pathology

ByJosé-Antonio Orosco

part III|82 pages

Social and Political Considerations

chapter 19|13 pages

Human Rights and International Law

ByRobert Paul Churchill

chapter 20|11 pages

Hospitality, Identity, and Cosmopolitanism

Antidotes to the Violence of Otherness
ByEddy M. Souffrant

chapter 21|6 pages

Warism and the Dominant Worldview

ByDuane L. Cady

chapter 22|13 pages

The Military-Industrial Complex

ByWilliam Gay

chapter 23|13 pages

Feminism and Nonviolent Activism

ByDanielle Poe

chapter 24|12 pages

Queer Oppression and Pacifism

ByBlake Hereth

part IV|100 pages


chapter 25|12 pages

Care Theory, Peacemaking, and Education

ByNel Noddings

chapter 26|11 pages

Becoming Nonviolent

Sociobiological, Neurophysiological, and Spiritual Perspectives
ByAndrew Fitz-Gibbon

chapter 27|13 pages

The Death Penalty and Nonviolence

Justice Beyond Empathy
ByLloyd Steffen

chapter 28|12 pages

Ecology and Pacifism

ByMark Woods

chapter 29|12 pages

Animals, Vegetarianism, and Nonviolence

ByChristopher Key Chapple

chapter 30|16 pages

Children, Violence, and Nonviolence

ByJane Hall Fitz-Gibbon

chapter 31|13 pages

Peace Pedagogy from the Borderlines

ByRenee Bricker, Yi Deng, Donna A. Gessell, Michael Proulx

chapter |9 pages


Nonviolence and the Non-Existent Country
ByJames M. Lawson