Companion to Environmental Studies presents a comprehensive and interdisciplinary overview of the key issues, debates, concepts, approaches and questions that together define environmental studies today. The intellectually wide-ranging volume covers approaches in environmental science all the way through to humanistic and post-natural perspectives on the biophysical world.

Though many academic disciplines have incorporated studying the environment as part of their curriculum, only in recent years has it become central to the social sciences and humanities rather than mainly the geosciences. ‘The environment’ is now a keyword in everything from fisheries science to international relations to philosophical ethics to cultural studies. The Companion brings these subject areas, and their distinctive perspectives and contributions, together in one accessible volume. Over 150 short chapters written by leading international experts provide concise, authoritative and easy-to-use summaries of all the major and emerging topics dominating the field, while the seven part introductions situate and provide context for section entries. A gateway to deeper understanding is provided via further reading and links to online resources.

Companion to Environmental Studies offers an essential one-stop reference to university students, academics, policy makers and others keenly interested in ‘the environmental question’, the answer to which will define the coming century.

chapter |4 pages


Environmental studies past, present and future
ByNoel Castree, Mike Hulme, James D. Proctor

part 1|135 pages

Classic concepts

chapter 1.1|5 pages


ByMarcus Taylor

chapter 1.2|4 pages


ByRichard Evanoff

chapter 1.3|5 pages


ByChris Sandbrook

chapter 1.4|5 pages


ByDiana K. Davis

chapter 1.5|6 pages


BySverker Sörlin

chapter 1.6|6 pages


ByErle C. Ellis

chapter 1.7|4 pages

Environmental catastrophe

ByGiovanni Bettini

chapter 1.8|6 pages

Ecological footprint

ByWilliam Rees

chapter 1.9|6 pages

The environmental Kuznets curve

ByDavid I. Stern

chapter 1.10|5 pages


ByKaren Litfin

chapter 1.11|6 pages

The Jevons Paradox

ByJohn M. Polimeni, Raluca I. Iorgulescu

chapter 1.12|6 pages


ByR. Bruce Hull

chapter 1.13|4 pages

One world

ByVolker M. Welter

chapter 1.14|5 pages


ByEric D. Carter

chapter 1.15|5 pages


ByTim O’Riordan, Rupert Read

chapter 1.16|4 pages


BySusan L. Cutter

chapter 1.17|5 pages


ByJeremy Walker, Melinda Cooper

chapter 1.18|5 pages

The resource curse

ByMichael J. Watts

chapter 1.19|6 pages

Scarcity and environmental limits

BySara Nelson

chapter 1.20|4 pages


ByWillis Jenkins

chapter 1.21|5 pages

Sustainable development

ByMark Whitehead

chapter 1.22|5 pages

The tragedy of the commons

ByKevin Ells

chapter 1.23|7 pages


ByAndy Stirling

chapter 1.24|9 pages


ByMorgan Scoville-Simonds, Karen O’Brien

chapter 1.25|4 pages


ByPhillip Vannini

part 2|122 pages

Contemporary concepts

chapter 2.1|8 pages

The Anthropocene

ByMark A. Maslin

chapter 2.2|6 pages


ByKevin Grove

chapter 2.3|5 pages


BySteve Hinchliffe

chapter 2.4|6 pages

Corporate environmental responsibility

ByChristopher Wright

chapter 2.5|4 pages

The Earth System

ByClive Hamilton

chapter 2.6|6 pages

Ecosystem services

ByDaniel Chiu Suarez, Jessica Dempsey

chapter 2.7|5 pages

Environmental governance

BySusan Baker

chapter 2.8|4 pages

Green democracy

ByAmanda Machin

chapter 2.9|4 pages

Environmental security

ByJon Barnett

chapter 2.10|7 pages

Food systems

ByMichael Carolan

chapter 2.11|6 pages

Green economy

ByLes Levidow

chapter 2.12|4 pages

Green governmentality

ByStephanie Rutherford

chapter 2.13|5 pages


ByJacques Pollini

chapter 2.14|5 pages

Land grabbing

ByIan Scoones

chapter 2.15|4 pages

Metabolic rift

ByRichard York

chapter 2.16|5 pages


ByHeather Lovell

chapter 2.17|4 pages

Peak oil

ByMichael Lynch

chapter 2.18|6 pages

Planetary boundaries

ByKatherine Richardson

chapter 2.19|5 pages


ByChristopher Buck

chapter 2.20|6 pages

The social construction of nature

ByMichael Ekers

chapter 2.21|5 pages

Symbolic environmental politics

ByMegan Barry, Ingolfur Blühdorn

chapter 2.22|4 pages

Tipping points

ByChris Russill

chapter 2.23|5 pages

Wicked environmental problems

ByMichael Thompson

part 3|102 pages

Classic approaches

chapter 3.1|5 pages

Cultural theory

ByÅsa Boholm

chapter 3.2|4 pages


ByAnne Marie Dalton

chapter 3.3|6 pages

Environmental anthropology

ByLaura Rival

chapter 3.4|5 pages

Environmental economics

ByWim Carton

chapter 3.5|5 pages


ByGreta Gaard

chapter 3.6|7 pages

Environmental ethics

ByBen A. Minteer

chapter 3.7|4 pages

Environmental geography

ByJohn G. Hintz

chapter 3.8|4 pages

Environmental health

ByBrian King

chapter 3.9|4 pages

Environmental history

ByStephen Mosley

chapter 3.10|5 pages

Environmental modelling

ByMark Mulligan

chapter 3.11|6 pages

Environmental sociology

ByRiley E. Dunlap

chapter 3.12|4 pages

Environmental politics

ByShannon O’Lear

chapter 3.13|4 pages

Design, emotion, sustainability

ByJonathan Chapman

chapter 3.14|4 pages

Environmental law

ByDavid Delaney

chapter 3.15|4 pages

Environmental management

ByChris Barrow

chapter 3.16|6 pages

Environmental philosophy

ByNed Hettinger

chapter 3.17|4 pages

Environmental planning

ByIain White

chapter 3.18|5 pages

Environmental psychology

ByPatrick Devine-Wright

chapter 3.19|4 pages

Natural hazards research

ByGreg Bankoff

chapter 3.20|4 pages

Science and technology studies

BySergio Sismondo

chapter 3.21|5 pages

Social ecology

ByStephen M. Wheeler

part 4|112 pages

Contemporary approaches

chapter 4.1|5 pages

Animal studies

ByJody Emel, Ilanah Taves

chapter 4.2|6 pages

Business studies and the environment

ByMartina K. Linnenluecke, Tom Smith

chapter 4.3|4 pages

Environmentalism and creative writing

ByRichard Kerridge

chapter 4.4|5 pages


ByGreg Garrard

chapter 4.5|5 pages

Ecological Marxism

ByAlf Hornborg

chapter 4.6|6 pages


BySamantha Walton

chapter 4.7|10 pages

Earth System Science 1

ByNoel Castree

chapter 4.8|5 pages

Energy studies

ByBenjamin K. Sovacool, Michael Jefferson

chapter 4.9|4 pages

Environmental discourse analysis

ByAdrian Peace

chapter 4.10|5 pages

Environmental humanities

ByThom van Dooren

chapter 4.11|7 pages

Environmental image analysis

BySidney I. Dobrin

chapter 4.12|5 pages

Environmental political economy

ByJennifer Clapp

chapter 4.13|4 pages

Environmental political theory

ByJohn M. Meyer

chapter 4.14|4 pages

Political ecology

BySimon Batterbury

chapter 4.15|5 pages

Post-normal science

BySilvio Funtowicz, Jerome Ravetz

chapter 4.16|6 pages

Queer ecology

ByNicole Seymour

chapter 4.17|6 pages

Resilience science

ByManjana Milkoreit

chapter 4.18|5 pages

Sustainability science

ByThaddeus R. Miller

chapter 4.19|6 pages

Vulnerability science

ByThomas Webler

chapter 4.20|6 pages

Urban ecology

ByRobert A. Francis

part 5|101 pages

Key topics: environmental challenges and changes

chapter 5.1|7 pages

Anthropogenic climate change

ByAlice Larkin

chapter 5.2|5 pages

Agro-food systems

ByColin Sage

chapter 5.3|4 pages


ByVaclav Smil

chapter 5.4|7 pages

Carbon budgets

ByRóisín Moriarty

chapter 5.5|5 pages


ByJoshua Whittaker

chapter 5.6|4 pages


ByCharles Mather

chapter 5.7|6 pages

Forest resources

ByWilliam Nikolakis, Harry W. Nelson

chapter 5.8|7 pages


ByGemma Carr, Alberto Viglione, Magdalena Rogger

chapter 5.9|11 pages


ByJorge Daniel Taillant

chapter 5.10|6 pages

Land degradation and restoration

ByIlan Chabay

chapter 5.11|7 pages

Mining and the environment

ByR. Anthony Hodge

chapter 5.12|5 pages

Oceans: climate change, marine ecosystems and fisheries

ByYoshitaka Ota, William W. L. Cheung

chapter 5.13|5 pages

The commons

ByFikret Berkes

chapter 5.14|6 pages

Transportation systems

ByTim Schwanen

chapter 5.15|8 pages


BySusanna F. Jenkins, Sarah K. Brown

chapter 5.16|6 pages

Water resources

ByJoseph Holden

part 6|153 pages

Key topics: human responses to environmental change

chapter 6.1|5 pages

Corporate environmental responsibility

ByTomas Frederiksen

chapter 6.2|5 pages

Ecological modernisation

ByGiorel Curran

chapter 6.3|4 pages


ByRobert Fletcher

chapter 6.4|4 pages

Ecological restoration

ByMatthias Gross

chapter 6.5|5 pages


ByMarco Armiero

chapter 6.6|7 pages

Environmental art

ByHarriet Hawkins, Anja Kanngieser

chapter 6.7|5 pages

Environmental fiction

ByJoni Adamson

chapter 6.8|4 pages

Environmental celebrity

ByMike Goodman

chapter 6.9|5 pages

Environmental certification and standards

ByBrooke Lahneman

chapter 6.10|4 pages

Environmental insecurity

ByPeter Hough

chapter 6.11|6 pages

Environmental (in)justice

ByDavid Schlosberg

chapter 6.12|5 pages

Environmental education

BySarah Burch

chapter 6.13|5 pages

Environmental markets

ByJohn O’Neill

chapter 6.14|4 pages

Environmental metaphor

ByBrendon M. H. Larson

chapter 6.15|5 pages

Environmental migrants and refugees

ByRomain Felli

chapter 6.16|6 pages

Environment and the news media

ByAnders Hansen

chapter 6.17|5 pages

Environment and popular culture

ByAlison Anderson

chapter 6.18|5 pages

Environmental policy

ByJames Palmer

chapter 6.19|4 pages

Environmental values

ByAlan Holland

chapter 6.20|5 pages

Environmental science and public policy

ByMaria Carmen Lemos, Katherine Browne

chapter 6.21|5 pages


ByJack Stilgoe

chapter 6.22|5 pages

Green consumption

ByIvan R. Scales

chapter 6.23|5 pages


ByFrances Bowen

chapter 6.24|4 pages

Green technology

ByJames Meadowcroft

chapter 6.25|5 pages

Indigenous territorial rights

ByPhilippe Hanna, Frank Vanclay

chapter 6.26|7 pages

Indigenous knowledge systems

ByDeborah MacGregor

chapter 6.27|4 pages

Institutions and natural resource management

ByTim Forsyth

chapter 6.28|5 pages

Privatizing environmental assets

ByWim Carton

chapter 6.29|6 pages

Sustainability transitions

ByFrank W. Geels

chapter 6.30|7 pages

The Sustainable Development Goals

ByDavid Griggs

part 7|97 pages

Key debates

chapter 7.1|5 pages


ByEileen Crist

chapter 7.2|4 pages

Biology and culture

ByMaurizio Meloni

chapter 7.3|4 pages

Environmental science and politics

ByTim Forsyth

chapter 7.4|6 pages

Environmental behaviour change

ByStewart Barr

chapter 7.5|4 pages

Environmental citizenship

ByBronwyn Hayward

chapter 7.6|5 pages

Environmental conservation and restoration

ByJamie Lorimer

chapter 7.7|4 pages

Environment and economy

ByRichard B. Norgaard

chapter 7.8|5 pages

Expert and lay environmental knowledges

ByCarol Morris

chapter 7.9|4 pages

Gender and environment

BySherilyn MacGregor

chapter 7.10|7 pages

Interdisciplinary environmental inquiry

ByLauren Rickards

chapter 7.11|5 pages

Multi-level environmental governance

ByAndrew Jordan, David Benson

chapter 7.12|5 pages

International environmental institutions

ByFrank Biermann

chapter 7.13|5 pages

Markets and governments in environmental policy

ByEdward B. Barbier

chapter 7.14|5 pages

Nature and nurture

ByPeter J. Taylor

chapter 7.15|6 pages

Population numbers and global demography

ByStephen G. Warren

chapter 7.16|5 pages

Public engagement with environmental science

ByHelen Pallett

chapter 7.17|5 pages

Race, nature and society

ByPeter Wade

chapter 7.18|5 pages

Representation and reality

ByZoë Sofoulis

chapter 7.19|6 pages


BySteve Carver