Despite unsubstantiated claims of best practice, the division of language-teaching professionals on the basis of their categorization as ‘native-speakers’ or ‘non-native speakers’ continues to cascade throughout the academic literature. It has become normative, under the rhetorical guise of acting to correct prejudice and/or discrimination, to see native-speakerism as having a single beneficiary – the ‘native-speaker’ – and a single victim – the ‘non-native’ speaker. However, this unidirectional perspective fails to deal with the more veiled systems through which those labeled as native-speakers and non-native speakers are both cast as casualties of this questionable bifurcation. This volume documents such complexities and aims to fill the void currently observable within mainstream academic literature in the teaching of both English, and Japanese, foreign language education. By identifying how the construct of Japanese native-speaker mirrors that of the ‘native-speaker’ of English, the volume presents a revealing insight into language teaching in Japan. Further, taking a problem-solving approach, this volume explores possible grounds on which language teachers could be employed if native-speakerism is rejected according to experts in the fields of intercultural communicative competence, English as a Lingua Franca and World Englishes, all of which aim to replace the ‘native-speaker’ model with something new.

chapter |11 pages


ByStephanie Ann Houghton, Damian J. Rivers, Kayoko Hashimoto

part I|84 pages

The Native Speaker Criterion

chapter 1|21 pages

The Idea of the Native Speaker

ByDamian J. Rivers

chapter 3|23 pages

“Introverted Psychosis” and the Psychology of Native-Speaker Interaction

Social Representation, Status and Threat Perception
ByDamian J. Rivers

part II|61 pages

Japanese Native-Speakerism

chapter 5|16 pages

The Construction of the Native Speaker of Japanese

ByKayoko Hashimoto

chapter 6|17 pages

Japanese Language for Foreigners

Policy on Foreign Nationals and EPA Scheme
ByKayoko Hashimoto

part III|102 pages

The Post-Native-Speakerist Shift

chapter 9|21 pages

The Post-Native-Speakerist Language Teacher

ByStephanie Ann Houghton

chapter 10|28 pages

Shifts Needed in Foreign Language Teacher Educational Activities

ByStephanie Ann Houghton

chapter 11|13 pages

Shifts Needed in Foreign Language Teacher Attributes

ByStephanie Ann Houghton

chapter 12|27 pages

Reconceptualizing Foreign Language Education

ByStephanie Ann Houghton

chapter |11 pages


ByStephanie Ann Houghton, Damian J. Rivers, Kayoko Hashimoto