The Routledge Handbook of Corrections in the United States brings together original contributions from leading scholars in criminology and criminal justice that provide an in-depth, state-of-the-art look at the most important topics in corrections. The book discusses the foundations of corrections in the United States, philosophical issues that have guided historical movements in corrections, different types of punishment and supervision, trends in incarceration, issues affecting race, ethnicity, and special populations in corrections, and a variety of other emerging issues.

This book scrutinizes innovative community programs as well as more traditional sanctions, and exposes the key issues and debates surrounding the correctional process in the United States. Among other important topics, selections address the inherent discrimination within the system, special issues surrounding certain populations, and the utilization of the death penalty as the ultimate punishment. This book serves as an essential reference for academicians and practitioners working in corrections and related agencies, as well as for students taking courses in criminal justice, criminology, and related subjects.

section 1|54 pages

Correctional Philosophies

chapter 1|12 pages

Deterrence and Imprisonment

ByMark C. Stafford

chapter 2|9 pages

Victim Rights and Retribution

ByMaria J. Patterson, Angela R. Gover, Maren Trochmann

chapter 3|14 pages

Incapacitation and Sentencing

ByPauline K. Brennan, Julie Garman

chapter 4|12 pages

Rehabilitation and the Rehabilitative Ideal

ByLior Gideon, Amanda L. Thomas

chapter 5|5 pages

Restorative Justice

ByChad Posick

section 2|98 pages

Punishment and Correctional Sanctions in the United States

chapter 6|6 pages

Banishment and Residency Restrictions in the United States

ByO. Hayden Griffin

chapter 7|11 pages

Economic Sanctions

ByR. Barry Ruback

chapter 8|10 pages

Corporal Punishment

ByGraeme R. Newman

chapter 9|20 pages

Capital Punishment in America

ByGavin Lee, Robert M. Bohm

chapter 10|9 pages

Jails in America

ByArthur J. Lurigio

chapter 11|14 pages

Prisons in the United States

ByVanessa H. Woodward, Dylan Pelletier

chapter 12|8 pages

Women’s Incarceration in the United States

Continuity and Change
ByMarilyn M. Brown, Meda Chesney-Lind

chapter 13|8 pages

Juvenile Corrections in the United States

ByO. Hayden Griffin

chapter 14|10 pages

A Brief History of Private Prisons in the United States

ByValerie A. Clark

section 3|90 pages

Community Corrections and Alternative Sanctions

chapter 15|10 pages

Probation in the United States

A Historical and Modern Perspective
ByRyan M. Labrecque

chapter 16|14 pages

Parole Process and Practice

ByKathryn Morgan

chapter 17|14 pages

Community Supervision Officers

An Overview and Discussion of Contemporary Issues
ByEric J. Wodahl, Brett Garland

chapter 18|12 pages

Halfway Houses and House Arrest

ByJason Rydberg, Elias Nader

chapter 19|12 pages

Day Reporting Centers and Work Release Programs

ByLee Michael Johnson

chapter 20|14 pages

Boot Camp Prisons in an Era of Evidence-Based Practices

ByFaith E. Lutze, Jenny L. Lau

chapter 21|12 pages

Specialty Courts

ByBrittany Hood, Bradley Ray

section 4|92 pages

Issues Affecting Corrections and Punishment

chapter 22|9 pages

The War on Drugs and American Corrections

ByOjmarrh Mitchell

chapter 23|5 pages

Mass Incarceration

ByTravis C. Pratt

chapter 24|9 pages

Religion in Correctional Settings and Faith-Based Programming

ByKent R. Kerley, Llynea Sherwin

chapter 25|9 pages

Drug Treatment Trends and the Use of Criminal Justice to Address Substance Use Disorder

ByJada N. Hector, David N. Khey

chapter 26|11 pages

Law of Corrections

ByChristopher E. Smith

chapter 27|11 pages

Evidence-Based Practices in Sentencing and Corrections

ByFaye S. Taxman

chapter 28|15 pages

Race/Ethnicity, Sentencing, and Corrections

ByMichael J. Leiber, Maude Beaudry-Cyr

chapter 29|8 pages

Corrections and Mental Illness

BySusan Jones, Risdon N. Slate, W. Wesley Johnson

chapter 30|13 pages

Sex Offenders

BySean Maddan, Lynn Pazzani

section 5|106 pages

Issues Affecting Incarceration

chapter 31|9 pages

Correctional Facility Overcrowding

ByBenjamin Steiner, Sara Toto

chapter 32|11 pages

Inmate Code and Prison Culture

ByEileen M. Ahlin, Don Hummer, Daniela Barberi

chapter 33|15 pages

When Women are Captive

Women’s Prisons and Culture Within
ByL. Susan Williams, Edward L.W. Green

chapter 34|10 pages

Correctional Healthcare

ByRoberto Hugh Potter

chapter 35|8 pages

Solitary Confinement and Supermax Custody

ByKeramet Reiter

chapter 37|10 pages

Prison Gangs

ByDavid Skarbek, Danilo Freire

chapter 38|11 pages

Prison Inmate Economy

ByKyle A. Burgason

chapter 39|12 pages

Sexuality in Correctional Facilities

ByRichard Tewksbury, John C. Navarro

chapter 40|9 pages

Examining the World of Correctional Officers

ByRobert M. Worley, Vidisha Barua Worley

section 6|62 pages

Effects of Corrections and Post-Sanction Issues

chapter 41|12 pages

The Effects of Corrections on Communities and Families

ByBridget Brew, Alyssa Goldman, Christopher Wildeman

chapter 42|13 pages

Sex Offender Civil Commitment

ByGeorgia M. Winters, Elizabeth L. Jeglic

chapter 43|13 pages

Felon Disenfranchisement

ByC. Cory Lowe, Bryan Lee Miller

chapter 44|13 pages

Reentry in the United States

A Review
ByHolly Ventura Miller

chapter 45|9 pages

Offender Recidivism

ByKevin A. Wright, Natasha Khade