In the past decade, Bangladesh has achieved significant social and economic progress. Despite high population density, a limited natural-resource base, underdeveloped infrastructure, frequent natural disasters and political uncertainty, the country has recorded positive developments in terms of broad economic and social indicators. This Handbook presents a comprehensive and interdisciplinary resource on the politics, society and economy of Bangladesh today. Divided into six thematic sections, the Handbook focuses on relevant issues and trends on:

  • History and the making of contemporary Bangladesh
  • Politics and institutions
  • Economy and development
  • Energy and environment
  • State, society and rights
  • Security and external relations

Written by a team of international experts in the field, the chapters provide an accessible and up-to-date insight into contemporary Bangladesh. The Handbook will be of interest to students and academics of South Asian studies, as well as policymakers, journalists and others who wish to learn more about this increasingly important country.

chapter |14 pages


ByAli Riaz, Mohammad Sajjadur Rahman

part Part I|47 pages

History and the making of contemporary Bangladesh

chapter 1|11 pages

Bangladeshi Politics Since Independence

BySarah Tasnim Shehabuddin

chapter 2|12 pages

Nationalism and the ‘Politics of National Identity’

ByHabibul Haque Khondker

chapter 3|12 pages

Secularism and Anti-Secularism 1

ByShantanu Majumder

chapter 4|10 pages

The Genocide of 1971 and the Politics of Justice

ByNavine Murshid

part Part II|66 pages

Politics and institutions

chapter 5|17 pages

Political Parties, Elections, and the Party System

ByAli Riaz

chapter 6|12 pages

The Parliament

ByNizam Ahmed

chapter 7|15 pages

Public Administration and Bureaucracy

ByHabib Zafarullah

chapter 8|10 pages

Civil–Military Relations

ByAl Masud Hasanuzzaman

chapter 9|10 pages

Non-Governmental Organizations and Civil Society

ByDavid Lewis

part Part III|113 pages

Economy and development

chapter 10|13 pages

Development Policies Since Independence

ByFahmida Khatun

chapter 11|15 pages

Agriculture and Food Security

ByUttam Kumar Deb

chapter 12|14 pages


ByRashed Al Mahmud Titumir

chapter 13|14 pages


ByFarida Chowdhury Khan

chapter 14|10 pages

Foreign Trade

BySelim Raihan

chapter 15|10 pages

International Labor Migration and Remittance

ByTasneem Siddiqui

chapter 16|13 pages


ByA. K. M. Riaz Uddin

chapter 17|12 pages

Poverty, Inequality and Entrepreneurship

BySyed Akhtar Mahmood

chapter 18|10 pages


ByMuinul Islam

part Part IV|37 pages

Energy and environment

chapter 19|14 pages

Power and Energy

Potentials, crisis, and planning
ByMoshahida Sultana

chapter 20|12 pages

Climate Change

ByM. Asaduzzaman

chapter 21|9 pages


ByMd. Khalequzzaman

part Part V|86 pages

State, society and rights

chapter 22|10 pages

Human Rights and the Law

ByMohammad Shahabuddin

chapter 23|13 pages

The State of Gender

ByAmena Mohsin

chapter 24|10 pages

The CHT and the Peace Process

ByBhumitra Chakma

chapter 25|9 pages

Religious Minorities

ByMeghna Guhathakurta

chapter 26|15 pages

Print and Electronic Media

ByAnis Rahman

chapter 27|12 pages

The Education System

ByManzoor Ahmed

chapter 28|15 pages

Public Health

ByArafat Kabir

part Part VI|71 pages

Security and external relations

chapter 29|9 pages

Foreign Policy

ByImtiaz Ahmed

chapter 30|11 pages

Bangladesh and its Neighbors

ByMohammad Sajjadur Rahman

chapter 31|13 pages

Bangladesh and the Great Powers

ByLailufar Yasmin

chapter 32|12 pages

Borders, Boundaries and Statelessness

ByBina D’Costa

chapter 33|11 pages

UN Peacekeeping Mission

ByRashed Uz Zaman

chapter chapter34|13 pages

Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in Bangladesh

BySaimum Parvez