Over the last four decades computers and the internet have become an intrinsic part of all our lives, but this speed of development has left related philosophical enquiry behind. Featuring the work of computer scientists and philosophers, these essays provide an overview of an exciting new area of philosophy that is still taking shape.

chapter |17 pages

Introduction: Philosophy's Relevance in Computing and Information Science

ByRuth Hagengruber, Uwe V. Riss

chapter 1|9 pages

The Fourth Revolution in our Self-Understanding

ByLuciano Floridi

chapter 2|12 pages

Information Transfer as a Metaphor

ByJakob Krebs

chapter 4|12 pages

The Influence of Philosophy on the Understanding of Computing and Information

ByKlaus Fuchs-Kittowski

chapter 6|7 pages

Artificial Intelligence as a New Metaphysical Project

ByAziz F. Zambak

chapter 8|5 pages

Ontology, its Origins and its Meaning in Information Science

ByJens Kohne

chapter 9|7 pages

Smart Questions: Steps Towards an Ontology of Questions and Answers

ByLudwig Jaskolla, Matthias Rugel

chapter 10|21 pages

Sophisticated Knowledge Representation and Reasoning Requires Philosophy

BySelmer Bringsjord, Micah H. Clark, Joshua Taylor

chapter 11|9 pages

On Frames and Theory-Elements of Structuralism

ByHolger Andreas

chapter 12|13 pages

Ontological Complexity and Human Culture

ByDavid J. Saab, Frederico Fonseca

chapter 13|24 pages

Knowledge and Action Between Abstraction and Concretion

ByUwe V. Riss

chapter 15|9 pages

An Action-Theory-Based Treatment of Temporal Individuals

ByTillmann Pross

chapter 16|12 pages

Four Rules for Classifying Social Entities

ByLudger Jansen

chapter 18|9 pages

Pancomputationalism: Theory Or Metaphor?

ByVincent C. Müller

chapter 19|8 pages

The Importance of the Sources of Professional Obligations

ByFrancis C. Dane