Under communism there was, in the countries of Eastern Europe, a high level of gender equality in the labour market, particularly in terms of high participation rates by women. The transition from communism has upset this situation, with different impacts in the different countries. This book presents a comprehensive overview of gender and the labour market since the fall of communism in a wide range of Eastern European countries. Each country chapter describes the nature of inequality in the particular country, and goes on to examine the factors responsible for this, including government policies, changing social attitudes, levels of educational attainment and the impact of motherhood. Overall, the book provides an interesting comparison to the situation in Western developed countries, outlining differences and similarities. No one single Eastern European model emerges while, as in Western developed countries, a range of experiences and trends is the norm.

chapter 1|20 pages

The wider context

ByGiovanni Razzu

chapter 2|23 pages


ByVasil Tzanov

chapter 3|33 pages

Czech Republic 1

ByLenka Filipova, Mariola Pytliková

chapter 4|23 pages

East Germany

ByHeike Trappe

chapter 5|36 pages


ByRein Vöörmann, Jelena Helemäe

chapter 6|15 pages


ByEva Fodor

chapter 7|18 pages


ByBoguslavas Gruzevskis, Vida Kanopiene

chapter 8|48 pages


ByJan Baran, Roma Keister, Piotr Lewandowski, Iga Magda

chapter 9|25 pages


ByGiovanni Razzu

chapter 10|27 pages


ByJana Javornik