A risk conundrum can be viewed as a risk that poses major issues in assessment, and whose management is not easily engaged. Such perplexing problems can either paralyze or badly delay risk analysis and directions for progression. Rather than simply focusing on the progress in risk analysis that has already been made, it is crucial to consider what has been learnt about these seemingly unmanageable problems and how best to move forward.

Risk Conundrums seeks to answer this question by bringing together a range of key thinkers in the field to explore key issues such as risk communication, uncertainty, social trust, indicators and metrics, and risk management, drawing upon case study examples including natural disasters, terrorism, and energy transitions. The initial chapters address risk conundrums, their properties, and the challenges they pose. The book then turns to a greater emphasis on systemic and regional risk conundrums. Finally, it considers how risk management can be changed to address these unsolvable conundrums. Alternative pathways are defined and scrutinized and predictions for future developments set out.

This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of risk governance, environmental policy, and sustainable development.

chapter |10 pages


Risk conundrums in a fast and complex world
ByRoger E. Kasperson, Susanne C. Moser

chapter 1|13 pages

How can we be sure that we are working on the right risks?

ByRoger E. Kasperson, Bonnie Ram, Samuel Ratick

chapter 2|9 pages

Whose views really matter in the end?

ByRoger E. Kasperson, Paul Slovic, Nick Pidgeon, Ortwin Renn

chapter 3|14 pages

How do we move forward when there is no trust?

BySeth Tuler, Roger E. Kasperson, Dominic Golding, Timothy J. Downs

chapter 4|15 pages

How can we best deal with the unexpected?

ByRobert Goble, Roger E. Kasperson, Samuel Ratick

chapter 5|13 pages

How can we learn more from learning about risk controversies?

BySeth Tuler, Kirstin Dow, Tom Webler

chapter 7|9 pages

How can we improve decision making in the face of catastrophic risk?

ByHoward Kunreuther, Paul Slovic, Kimberly G. Olson

chapter 8|16 pages

Risk communication and social media

ByJeannette Sutton, Shari R. Veil

chapter 9|15 pages

China’s development and environmental risk management

ByJun Bi, George Greene, Zongwei Ma, Jonathan Wiener, Fang Yu, Ortwin Renn, Shiqiu Zhang, Haakon Vennemo, Jinliang Zhang, Stephen Andrews, Peishen Wang, Hongguang Cheng, Cunkuan Bao, Weihua Zeng, Qingwei Guo, Yu Qian, Changsheng Qu, Wei Zhang, Guozhi Cao, Miaomiao Liu, Kai Chen, Guoyi Han, Kaiyu Wang, Jinnan Wang, Jiuhui Qu

chapter 10|20 pages

Addressing risk conundrums in megacity development

Mexico City
ByTimothy J. Downs, Marisa Mazari-Hiriart

chapter 11|16 pages

Ambiguity in an ambiguous regionRisk conundrums in the Arctic

ByJeremy Tasch, Weiwei Tasch

chapter 12|14 pages

Risk conundrums of the renewable energy transition

Can we balance opportunities, optimism, and challenges?
ByBonnie Ram, Jennie C. Stephens

chapter 13|12 pages

Hydraulic fracturing

A risk for environment, energy security, and affordability?
ByNick Pidgeon, Merryn Thomas, Tristan Partridge, Darrick Evensen, Barbara Herr Harthorn

chapter 14|18 pages

Out of harm’s way

Risk conundrums in coastal areas
BySusanne C. Moser, Kirstin Dow, Seth Tuler

chapter 15|17 pages

Addressing risk conundrums in sustainable development

ByTimothy J. Downs, Edward R. Carr, Robert Goble

chapter 16|19 pages

Vulnerability does not just fall from the sky

Addressing the vulnerability conundrum
ByJesse Ribot

chapter 17|17 pages

Risk governance

Concept and application to systemic risk
ByOrtwin Renn

chapter 18|10 pages

How can we prevent the collapse of humanitarian values in foreign policy decisions?

ByPaul Slovic, Robin Gregory, Daniel Västfjäll, David Frank