TransAntiquity explores transgender practices, in particular cross-dressing, and their literary and figurative representations in antiquity. It offers a ground-breaking study of cross-dressing, both the social practice and its conceptualization, and its interaction with normative prescriptions on gender and sexuality in the ancient Mediterranean world. Special attention is paid to the reactions of the societies of the time, the impact transgender practices had on individuals’ symbolic and social capital, as well as the reactions of institutionalized power and the juridical systems. The variety of subjects and approaches demonstrates just how complex and widespread "transgender dynamics" were in antiquity.

part 1|82 pages

Transgender dynamics in the ancient social and political space

chapter 1|35 pages

“Between the human and the divine”

Cross-dressing and transgender dynamics in the Graeco-Roman world
ByFilippo Carlà-Uhink

chapter 2|14 pages

Cross-dressing in Rome between norm and practice

ByAndrea Raggi

chapter 3|13 pages

The patrician, the general and the emperor in women’s clothes

Examples of cross-dressing in Late Republican and Early Imperial Rome
ByDomitilla Campanile

chapter 4|18 pages

Cross-dressers in control

Transvestism, power and the balance between the sexes in the literary discourse of the Roman Empire
ByMartijn Icks

part 2|51 pages

Ancient transgender dynamics and the sacred sphere

chapter 6|9 pages

Aspects of transvestism in Greek myths and rituals

ByFiorella La Guardia

chapter 7|13 pages

Beyond ritual

Cross-dressing between Greece and the Orient
ByMargherita Facella

part 3|44 pages

Transgender as subversive literary discourse

chapter 9|15 pages

“O saffron robe, to what pass have you brought me!”

Cross-dressing and theatrical illusion in Aristophanes’ Thesmophoriazusae
ByEnrico Medda

chapter 10|12 pages

Declaiming and (cross-)dressing

Remixing Roman declamation and its metaphorology
ByChristian Stoffel

chapter 11|14 pages

Imperatrix and bellatrix

Cicero’s Clodia and Vergil’s Camilla
ByBobby Xinyue

part 4|37 pages

Transgender myth

chapter 12|21 pages

The hero’s white hands

The early history of the myth of Achilles on Scyros
ByFabio Guidetti

chapter 13|13 pages

Hercules cinaedus?

The effeminate hero in Christian polemic
ByAlexandra Eppinger