The arrival of the participatory web 2.0 has been hailed by many as a media revolution, bringing with it new tools and possibilities for direct political action. Through specialised online platforms, mainstream social media or blogs, citizens in many countries are increasingly seeking to have their voices heard online, whether it is to lobby, to support or to complain about their elected representatives. Politicians, too, are adopting "new media" in specific ways, though they are often criticised for failing to seize the full potential of online tools to enter into dialogue with their electorates. Bringing together perspectives from around the world, this volume examines emerging forms of citizen participation in the face of the evolving logics of political communication, and provides a unique and original focus on the gap which exists between political uses of digital media by the politicians and by the people they represent.

chapter |10 pages


ByAlex Frame

part |96 pages

Participation and Political Communication

chapter |12 pages

Talking to Themselves

A Classification of Facebook's Political Usages and Representatives' Roles Among Israeli Members of Knesset
BySharon Haleva-Amir

chapter |17 pages

Two Step Flow Twitter Communication in 2013 Italian Political Election

A Missed Opportunity for Citizen Participation
ByGuido Di Fraia, Maria Carlotta Missaglia

chapter |18 pages

Ad Hoc Mini-Publics on Twitter

Citizen Participation or Political Communication? Examples from the German National Election 2013
ByJessica Einspänner-Pflock, Mario Anastasiadis, Caja Thimm

chapter |21 pages

Is Twitter Invigorating Spanish Democracy?

A Study of Political Interaction through the Accounts of The Prime Minister and The Leader of the Main Opposition Party
ByElena Cebrián Guinovart, Tamara Vázquez Barrio, David Sarias Rodríguez

chapter |12 pages

“I show off, therefore I am”

The Politics of the Selfie
ByChristelle Serée-Chaussinand

part |109 pages

Emerging Forms of Digital Media-based Political Participation by Citizens and Civic Activists

chapter |14 pages

Twitter as a Counterpublic Sphere

Polemics in the Twittersphere During French Electoral Campaigns
ByArnaud Mercier

chapter |14 pages

Cultural Creation and Political Activism in the Digital World

ByLluís Anyó, Iasa Monique Ribeiro

chapter |17 pages

The Mediatization of Politics and the Digital Public Sphere

The Dynamics of Mini-Publics
ByCaja Thimm

chapter |18 pages

Alternative Media Spaces

The Case of Russian LGBT News Blogging Community
ByEvgeniya Boklage

chapter |15 pages

Online Lobbying of Political Candidates

ByPaula Keaveney

chapter |4 pages

Concluding Note

ByGeoff Craig