Memory occupies a fundamental place in philosophy, playing a central role not only in the history of philosophy but also in philosophy of mind, epistemology, and ethics. Yet the philosophy of memory has only recently emerged as an area of study and research in its own right.

The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Memory is an outstanding reference source on the key topics, problems, and debates in this exciting area, and is the first philosophical collection of its kind. The forty-eight chapters are written by an international team of contributors, and divided into nine parts:

  • The nature of memory
  • The metaphysics of memory
  • Memory, mind, and meaning
  • Memory and the self
  • Memory and time
  • The social dimension of memory
  • The epistemology of memory
  • Memory and morality
  • History of philosophy of memory.

Within these sections, central topics and problems are examined, including: truth, consciousness, imagination, emotion, self-knowledge, narrative, personal identity, time, collective and social memory, internalism and externalism, and the ethics of memory. The final part examines figures in the history of philosophy, including Aristotle, Augustine, Freud, Bergson, Wittgenstein, and Heidegger, as well as perspectives on memory in Indian and Chinese philosophy.

Essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy, particularly philosophy of mind and psychology, the Handbook will also be of interest to those in related fields, such as psychology and anthropology.

chapter |3 pages

Editors’ introduction

The philosophy of memory today
BySven Bernecker, Kourken Michaelian

part I|43 pages

The nature of memory

chapter 1|14 pages

Taxonomy and unity of memory

ByMarkus Werning, Sen Cheng

chapter 2|13 pages

The phenomenology of memory

ByFabrice Teroni

chapter 3|14 pages

Memory and levels of scientific explanation

ByJohn Bickle

part II|51 pages

The metaphysics of memory

chapter 4|12 pages

Memory and truth

BySven Bernecker

chapter 5|13 pages

Memory causation

ByDorothea Debus

chapter 6|12 pages

Memory traces

BySarah K. Robins

chapter 7|12 pages

The intentional objects of memory

ByJordi Fernández

part III|65 pages

Memory and consciousness

chapter 8|10 pages

Memory and consciousness

ByPaula Droege

chapter 9|14 pages

Memory and perspective

ByChristopher Jude McCarroll, John Sutton

chapter 10|14 pages

Memory and imagination

ByFelipe De Brigard

chapter 11|13 pages

Memory images

ByElizabeth Irvine

chapter 12|12 pages

Memory and emotion

ByRonald de Sousa

part IV|38 pages

Memory and the self

chapter 13|11 pages

Memory and personal identity

ByShaun Nichols

chapter 14|12 pages

Memory and self-consciousness

ByJosé Luis Bermúdez

chapter 15|13 pages

Memory and narrativity

ByDaniel D. Hutto

part V|35 pages

Memory and time

chapter 16|12 pages

Memory and the concept of time

ByChristoph Hoerl

chapter 17|9 pages

Memory and the metaphysics of time

ByRobin Le Poidevin

chapter 18|12 pages

Memory as mental time travel

ByDenis Perrin, Kourken Michaelian

part VI|40 pages

The social dimension of memory

chapter 19|12 pages

Extended memory

ByRobert W. Clowes

chapter 20|13 pages

Collective memory

ByJeffrey Andrew Barash

chapter 21|13 pages

Memory and social identity

ByRobyn Fivush, Matthew Graci

part VII|67 pages

The epistemology of memory

chapter 22|13 pages

Internalism and externalism

ByBrent J. C. Madison

chapter 23|14 pages


ByBerit Brogaard

chapter 24|13 pages


ByErik J. Olsson

chapter 25|12 pages

Preservation and generation

ByThomas D. Senor

chapter 26|13 pages

Skepticism and memory

ByAndrew Moon

part VIII|34 pages

Memory and morality

chapter 27|13 pages

A duty to remember

ByJeffrey Blustein

chapter 28|9 pages

An obligation to forget

ByDavid Matheson

chapter 29|10 pages

The ethics of memory modification

ByS. Matthew Liao

part IX|189 pages

History of the philosophy of memory

chapter 30|11 pages


BySophie-Grace Chappell

chapter 31|12 pages


BySophie-Grace Chappell

chapter 32|8 pages

Classical Indian philosophy

ByJonardon Ganeri

chapter 33|12 pages

Indian Buddhist philosophy

ByMonima Chadha

chapter 34|11 pages

Chinese Buddhist philosophy

ByChung-Ying Cheng

chapter 35|9 pages


ByLilianne Manning

chapter 36|13 pages

Avicenna and Averroes

ByDeborah L. Black

chapter 37|9 pages

Thomas Aquinas

ByJohn O’Callaghan

chapter 38|10 pages

John Locke and Thomas Reid

ByRebecca Copenhaver

chapter 39|7 pages

David Hume

ByDaniel E. Flage

chapter 40|9 pages

G. W. F. Hegel

ByValentina Ricci

chapter 41|14 pages

Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan

ByMartin Schwab

chapter 42|9 pages

Henri Bergson 1

ByTrevor Perri

chapter 43|9 pages

Bertrand Russell

ByPaulo Faria

chapter 44|9 pages

Maurice Halbwachs

ByDmitri Nikulin

chapter 45|9 pages

Frederic Bartlett

ByBrady Wagoner

chapter 46|11 pages

Ludwig Wittgenstein

ByAndy Hamilton

chapter 47|6 pages

Martin Heidegger

ByTaylor Carman

chapter 48|9 pages

Paul Ricoeur

ByAlexandre Dessingué