Maritime transport is one of the most ancient supports to human interactions across history and it still supports more than 90% of world trade volumes today. The changing connectivity of maritime networks is of crucial importance to port, transport, and economic development and planning. The way ports, terminals, but also cities, regions and countries, are connected with each other through maritime flows is not well-known and difficult to represent and measure, even for the transport actors themselves. There is a strong, urgent need for reviewing the relevant theories, concepts, methods, and sources that can be mobilized for the analysis of maritime networks.

With contributions from reputable scholars from all over the world, this book investigates the analysis of maritime flows and networks from diverse disciplinary angles going across archaeology, history, geography, regional science, economics, mathematics, physics, and computer sciences. Based on a vast array of methods, such as Geographical Information Systems (GIS), spatial analysis, complex networks, modelling, and simulation, it addresses several crucial issues related with port hierarchy; route density; modal interdependency; network robustness and vulnerability; traffic concentration and seasonality; technological change and urban/regional economic development. This book examines new evidence about how socio-economic trends are reflected (but also influenced) by maritime flows and networks, and about the way this knowledge can support and enhance decision-making in relation to the development of ports, supply chains, and transport networks in general.

This book is an ideal companion to anyone interested in the network analysis of transport systems and economic systems in general, as well as the effective ways to analyse large datasets to answer complex issues in transportation and socio-economic development.

part I|60 pages

Introduction to maritime network analysis

chapter 1|24 pages

Maritime flows and networks in a multidisciplinary perspective

ByCésar Ducruet

chapter 2|10 pages

City-systems and maritime transport in the long term

ByAnne Bretagnolle

chapter 3|13 pages

A geo-history of maritime networks since 1945

The case of the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique's transformation into CMA-CGM
ByAntoine Frémont

chapter 4|11 pages

Spatial networks

Tools and perspectives
ByMarc Barthelemy

part II|100 pages

Modelling past maritime networks

chapter 5|14 pages

From oar to sail

The role of technology and geography in the evolution of Bronze Age Mediterranean networks
ByRay Rivers, Tim Evans, Carl Knappett

chapter 6|15 pages

Venetian maritime supremacy through time

A visualization experiment
ByMélanie Fournier

chapter 8|22 pages

British and Japanese maritime networks in China in the 1920s

ByLiehui Wang, Theo Notteboom, Lei Yang

chapter 9|27 pages

Maritime shifts in the contemporary world economy

Evidence from the Lloyd's List corpus, eighteenth to twenty-first centuries
ByCésar Ducruet, Sébastien Haule, Kamel Ait-Mohand, Bruno Marnot, Zuzanna Kosowska-Stamirowska, Laura Didier, Marie-Anne Coche

part III|101 pages

Topology and spatial distribution of maritime networks

chapter 10|27 pages

Time considerations for the study of complex maritime networks

ByFrédéric Guinand, Yoann Pigné

chapter 11|20 pages

Maritime network monitoring

From position sensors to shipping patterns
ByLaurent Etienne, Erwan Alincourt, Thomas Devogele

chapter 12|19 pages

Cluster identification in maritime flows with stochastic methods

ByCharles Bouveyron, Pierre Latouche, Rawya Zreik, César Ducruet

chapter 14|20 pages

The distribution functions of vessel calls and port connectivity in the global cargo ship network

ByMichael T. Gastner, César Ducruet

part IV|111 pages

Maritime networks and regional development

chapter 15|20 pages

The impact of the emergence of direct shipping lines on port flows

ByRonald A. Halim, Lóránt A. Tavasszy, Jan H. Kwakkel

chapter 17|19 pages

Explaining international trade flows with shipping-based distances

ByDavid Guerrero, Claude Grasland, César Ducruet

chapter 19|21 pages

The regionalization of maritime networks

Evidence from a comparative analysis of maritime basins
ByNora Mareï, César Ducruet

chapter 20|23 pages

Co-evolutionary dynamics of ports and cities in the global maritime network, 1950–90

ByCésar Ducruet, Sylvain Cuyala, Ali El Hosni, Zuzanna Kosowska-Stamirowska