Sport is a global phenomenon engaging billions of people and generating annual revenues of more than US$ 145 billion. Problems in the governance of sports organisations, fixing of matches and staging of major sporting events have spurred action on many fronts. Yet attempts to stop corruption in sport are still at an early stage.

The Global Corruption Report (GCR) on sport is the most comprehensive analysis of sports corruption to date. It consists of more than 60 contributions from leading experts in the fields of corruption and sport, from sports organisations, governments, multilateral institutions, sponsors, athletes, supporters, academia and the wider anti-corruption movement.

This GCR provides essential analysis for understanding the corruption risks in sport, focusing on sports governance, the business of sport, planning of major events, and match-fixing. It highlights the significant work that has already been done and presents new approaches to strengthening integrity in sport. In addition to measuring transparency and accountability, the GCR gives priority to participation, from sponsors to athletes to supporters an essential to restoring trust in sport.

part 1|97 pages

Governance of sport: the global view

chapter 1.1|9 pages

Sport as a force for good

chapter 1.2|4 pages

Fair play

Ideals and realities

chapter 1.3|13 pages

Autonomy and governance

Necessary bedfellows in the fight against corruption in sport

chapter 1.5|5 pages

Political interference, power struggles, corruption and greed

The undermining of football governance in Asia

chapter 1.6|8 pages

Corruption in African sport

A summary

chapter 1.10|8 pages

For the good of the game?

Governance on the outskirts of international football

chapter 1.14|5 pages

The Code of Ethics for sport in the Municipality of Milan

A grassroots approach against organised crime and corruption in sports

part 2|30 pages

Money, markets and private interests in football

chapter 2.1|4 pages


FIFA, marketing companies and undue influence in football

chapter 2.4|4 pages

Agents and beyond

Corruption risks in the football transfer market and the need for reform

chapter 2.5|7 pages

Third-party ownership of football players

Human beings or traded assets?

part 3|97 pages

Events in the spotlight

chapter 3.1|6 pages

The multiple roles of mega-events

Mega-promises, mini-outcomes?

chapter 3.2|4 pages

Who bids for events and why?

chapter 3.5|6 pages

Compromise or compromised?

The bidding process for the award of the Olympic Games and the FIFA World Cup

chapter 3.6|6 pages

The planning and hosting of sports mega-events

Sources, forms and the prevention of corruption

chapter 3.9|5 pages

Preventing corruption ahead of major sports events

Learning from the 2012 London Games

chapter 3.10|9 pages

The 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics

Who stands to gain?

chapter 3.12|6 pages

Sporting mega-events, corruption and rights

The case of the 2022 Qatar World Cup

chapter 3.15|5 pages

Sports mega-event legacies

From the beneficial to the destructive

part 4|44 pages


chapter 4.2|6 pages

The role of the betting industry

chapter 4.3|8 pages

Cricket in Bangladesh

Challenges of governance and match-fixing

chapter 4.4|4 pages

The gap between sports institutions and the public will

Responses to match-fixing in Lithuania

chapter 4.6|5 pages


The role of prevention

chapter 4.8|5 pages

Prevention and education in match-fixing

The European experience

chapter 4.9|4 pages

The Austrian approach

How to combat match-fixing and promote integrity in sport

part 6|56 pages

The role of participants

chapter 6.2|5 pages

Combating the risk of corruption in sport

An intergovernmental perspective

chapter 6.3|3 pages


Building on global consensus to fight corruption in sport

chapter 6.4|6 pages

The role of Switzerland as host

Moves to hold sports organisations more accountable, and wider implications

chapter 6.5|5 pages

Promoting integrity in sport

A sponsor's perspective

chapter 6.7|4 pages

Organised athletes

A critical voice in sports governance

chapter 6.9|2 pages

Learning from others

The Kick It Out campaign

chapter 6.11|7 pages

New ball game

Covering sports, with teams as competitors

chapter 6.12|4 pages

What the anti-corruption movement can bring to sport

The experience of Transparency International Germany