This book examines the rise of religious extremism in Pakistan, particularly since 1947, and analyzes its connections to the Pakistani army's corporate interests and U.S.-Pakistan relations. It includes profiles of leading Pakistani militant groups with details of their origins, development, and capabilities. The author begins with an historical overview of the introduction of Islam to the Indian sub-continent in 712 AD, and brings the story up to the present by describing President Musharraf's handling of the war on terror. He provides a detailed account of the political developments in Pakistan since 1947 with a focus on the influence of religious and military forces. He also discusses regional politics, Pakistan's attempt to gain nuclear power status, and U.S.-Pakistan relations, and offers predictions for Pakistan's domestic and regional prospects.

chapter 1|13 pages


chapter 2|16 pages

The Early Years

A Dream Deferred

chapter 3|23 pages

Ayub Era

Kashmir and the 1965 War with India

chapter 5|20 pages

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

The Charismatic

chapter 6

General Zia ul-Haq

The Redefinition of a Country

chapter 7|45 pages

A Return to Democracy

chapter 8|23 pages

General Pervez Musharraf

A Season of Hope

chapter 9|16 pages

Jihadi Outfits

Pakistan's “Rent-a-Son” Agencies

chapter 10|20 pages

9/11 and the War on Terror

chapter 11|5 pages

The Road Ahead