Born of Japan's cultural encounter with Western entertainment media, manga (comic books or graphic novels) and anime (animated films) are two of the most universally recognized forms of contemporary mass culture. Because they tell stories through visual imagery, they vault over language barriers. Well suited to electronic transmission and distributed by Japan's globalized culture industry, they have become a powerful force in both the mediascape and the marketplace.This volume brings together an international group of scholars from many specialties to probe the richness and subtleties of these deceptively simple cultural forms. The contributors explore the historical, cultural, sociological, and religious dimensions of manga and anime, and examine specific sub-genres, artists, and stylistics. The book also addresses such topics as spirituality, the use of visual culture by Japanese new religious movements, Japanese Goth, nostalgia and Japanese pop, "cute" (kawali) subculture and comics for girls, and more. With illustrations throughout, it is a rich source for all scholars and fans of manga and anime as well as students of contemporary mass culture or Japanese culture and civilization.

chapter |23 pages


ByMark W. MacWilliams

chapter |22 pages

Manga in Japanese History

ByKinko Ito

chapter |20 pages

Contemporary Anime in Japanese Pop Culture

ByGilles Poitras

chapter |23 pages

From Metropolis to Metoroporisu

The Changing Role of the Robot in Japanese and Western Cinema
ByLee Makela

chapter |23 pages

Opening the Closed World of Shōjo Manga

ByMizuki Takahashi

chapter |18 pages

Situating the Shōojo in Shōojo Manga

Teenage Girls, Romance Comics, and Contemporary Japanese Culture
ByDeborah Shamoon

chapter |23 pages

Framing Manga

On Narratives of the Second World War in Japanese Manga, 1957–1977
ByEldad Nakar

chapter |19 pages

Aum Shinrikyō and a Panic About Manga and Anime

ByRichard A. Gardner

chapter |18 pages

Medieval Genealogies of Manga and Anime Horror

ByRajyashree Pandey

chapter |19 pages

The Utopian “Power to Live”

The Significance of the Miyazaki Phenomenon
ByHiroshi Yamanaka

chapter |18 pages

Heart of Japaneseness

History and Nostalgia in Hayao Miyazaki's Spirited Away
ByShiro Yoshioka

chapter |21 pages

National History as Otaku Fantasy

Satoshi Kon's Millennium Actress
ByMelek Ortabasi

chapter |16 pages

Considering Manga Discourse

Location, Ambiguity, Historicity
ByJaqueline Berndt