The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics offers the reader an informed view of how the brain sciences are being used to approach, understand, and reinvigorate traditional philosophical questions, as well as how those questions, with the grounding influence of neuroscience, are being revisited beyond clinical and research domains. It also examines how contemporary neuroscience research might ultimately impact our understanding of relationships, flourishing, and human nature. Written by 61 key scholars and fresh voices, the Handbook’s easy-to-follow chapters appear here for the first time in print and represent the wide range of viewpoints in neuroethics. The volume spotlights new technologies and historical articulations of key problems, issues, and concepts and includes cross-referencing between chapters to highlight the complex interactions of concepts and ideas within neuroethics. These features enhance the Handbook’s utility by providing readers with a contextual map for different approaches to issues and a guide to further avenues of interest.

Chapter 11 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/doi/10.4324/9781315708652.ch11

part I|32 pages

What Is Neuroethics?

chapter 1|11 pages

The Competing Identities of Neuroethics

Remarks on Theoretical and Methodological Assumptions and Their Practical Implications for the Future of Neuroethics
ByEric Racine, Matthew Sample

chapter 2|19 pages

Neuroethics and the Neuroscientific Turn

ByJon Leefmann, Elisabeth Hildt

part II|252 pages

The Ethics of Neuroscience

chapter 3|14 pages

Thinking Differently

Neurodiversity and Neural Engineering
BySara Goering

chapter 4|15 pages

The Ethics of Expanding Applications of Deep Brain Stimulation

ByMarkus Christen, Sabine Müller

chapter 5|19 pages

The Ethics of Prodromal and Preclinical Disease Stages

ByJalayne J. Arias, Jennifer C. Sarrett, Rosa Gonzalez, Elaine F. Walker

chapter 6|18 pages

Disorders of Consciousness and the Use of Neurotechnologies

An Ethical Perspective
ByOrsolya Friedrich, Ralf J. Jox

chapter 7|18 pages

Placebo for Psychogenic Disorders

Diagnosis, Stigma, and Treatment Narratives
ByLindsey Grubbs, Karen S. Rommelfanger

chapter 8|13 pages

Cosmetic Neurology and the Ethics of Enhancement

ByAnjan Chatterjee

chapter 9|16 pages

Modafinil and the Increasing Lifestyle Use of Smart Drugs by Healthy People

Neuroethical and Societal Issues
BySebastian Porsdam Mann, Barbara J. Sahakian

chapter 10|16 pages

Neuroenhancement and Therapy in National Defense Contexts

ByMichael N. Tennison, Jonathan D. Moreno

chapter 11|19 pages

Moral Neuroenhancement

ByBrian D. Earp, Thomas Douglas, Julian Savulescu
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chapter 12|13 pages

My Brain Made Me Do It?

Neuroscience and Criminal Responsibility
ByValerie Gray Hardcastle

chapter 13|16 pages

Your Brain on Lies

Deception Detection in Court
ByJulie A. Seaman

chapter 14|11 pages

Neuroprivacy and Cognitive Liberty

ByPaul Root Wolpe

chapter 15|16 pages

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications
ByL. Syd M Johnson

chapter 16|21 pages


A Field Guide to Exaggerated Brain-Based Claims
ByScott O. Lilienfeld, Elizabeth Aslinger, Julia Marshall, Sally Satel

chapter 17|9 pages

Neuroscience Online

Real Ethical Issues in Virtual Realms
ByRyan H. Purcell, Karen S. Rommelfanger

chapter 18|14 pages

Home Use of tDCS

From “Do-It-Yourself” to “Direct-to-Consumer”
ByAnna Wexler, Peter B. Reiner

part III|93 pages

The Neuroscience of Ethics

chapter 19|17 pages

Moral Reasoning

ByJohn D. Banja

chapter 20|15 pages

Informing Ethical Decision Making

ByAdam Feltz, Edward T. Cokely

chapter 21|16 pages

Brain Implants

Implications for Free Will
ByWalter Glannon

chapter 22|17 pages

Personal Identity and Brain Identity

ByGeorg Northoff, Nils-Frederic Wagner

chapter 23|11 pages

Values, Empathy, and the Brain

ByNina L. Powell, Stuart W.G. Derbyshire

chapter 24|15 pages

Moral Robots

ByMatthias Scheutz, Bertram F. Malle

part IV|120 pages

Expanding the Frame

chapter 25|13 pages

Neurogenderings and Neuroethics

ByCyd Cipolla, Kristina Gupta

chapter 26|18 pages

Neurodiversity, Neuroethics, and the Autism Spectrum

ByEmily Y. Liu

chapter 27|17 pages

RDoC’s Special Kind of Reductionism and Its Possible Impact on Clinical Psychiatry

ByLuc Faucher, Simon Goyer

chapter 28|13 pages

Neuroethics in Context

The Development of the Discipline in Argentina
ByArleen Salles

chapter 29|15 pages

Neuroethics in Japan

ByTamami Fukushi, Taichi Isobe, Eisuke Nakazawa, Yoshiyuki Takimoto, Akira Akabayashi, Laura Specker Sullivan, Osamu Sakura

chapter 30|12 pages

The Neurobiologic Embedding of Childhood Socioeconomic Status

ByMargaret A. Sheridan

chapter 31|15 pages

Prenatal and Neonatal Neuroethics

The Moral Significance of Painience
ByL. Syd M Johnson

chapter 32|15 pages

Animal Minds

The Neuroethics of Nonhuman Dissent
ByAndrew Fenton, Adam Shriver