Like any other group of philosophers, scholastic thinkers from the Middle Ages disagreed about even the most fundamental of concepts. With their characteristic style of rigorous semantic and logical analysis, they produced a wide variety of diverse theories about a huge number of topics.

The Routledge Companion to Medieval Philosophy offers readers an outstanding survey of many of these diverse theories, on a wide array of subjects. Its 35 chapters, all written exclusively for this Companion by leading international scholars, are organized into seven parts:

I Language and Logic

II Metaphysics

III Cosmology and Physics

IV Psychology

V Cognition

VI Ethics and Moral Philosophy

VII Political Philosophy

In addition to shedding new light on the most well-known philosophical debates and problems of the medieval era, the Companion brings to the fore topics that may not traditionally be associated with scholastic philosophy, but were in fact a veritable part of the tradition. These include chapters covering scholastic theories about propositions, atomism, consciousness, and democracy and representation.

The Routledge Companion to Medieval Philosophy is a helpful, comprehensive introduction to the field for undergraduate students and other newcomers as well as a unique and valuable resource for researchers in all areas of philosophy.

chapter |2 pages


ByRichard Cross, JT Paasch

part Part I|74 pages

Language and Logic

chapter 1|14 pages


ByNathaniel E. Bulthuis

chapter 2|12 pages


ByAllan Bäck

chapter 3|12 pages

Kinds of Argument

BySara L. Uckelman

chapter 4|14 pages

Modal Logic

BySpencer C. Johnston

chapter 5|20 pages

Logic Games

ByJT Paasch

part Part II|81 pages


chapter 6|7 pages


ByJohn Kronen, Sandra Menssen

chapter 7|10 pages


ByThomas M. Ward

chapter 8|11 pages


ByHeine Hansen

chapter 9|19 pages


ByJT Paasch

chapter 10|13 pages

Identity and Sameness

ByAndrew W. Arlig

chapter 11|9 pages

Kinds, Essences, and Natures

ByMartin Tweedale

chapter 12|10 pages


ByDaniel D. Novotný, Jorge J. E. Gracia

part Part III|54 pages

Cosmology and Physics

chapter 13|14 pages


ByGraham White

chapter 14|9 pages

Space and Place

ByCecilia Trifogli

chapter 15|10 pages


ByAurélien Robert

chapter 16|8 pages

Qualitative Change

ByRobert Pasnau

chapter 17|11 pages

Proofs for God’s Existence

ByWilliam E. Mann

part Part IV|50 pages


chapter 18|10 pages

Soul, Mind, and Body

ByPaul J. M. M. Bakker

chapter 19|6 pages


ByJack Zupko

chapter 20|11 pages


ByCyrille Michon

chapter 21|7 pages


ByVesa Hirvonen

chapter 22|14 pages


ByTherese Scarpelli Cory

part Part V|52 pages


chapter 23|15 pages

Internal Senses

ByDeborah Black

chapter 24|11 pages

Cognitive Acts

ByGiorgio Pini

chapter 25|8 pages


BySimo Knuuttila

chapter 26|7 pages


ByGyula Klima

chapter 27|9 pages

Mental Language

ByJoël Biard

part Part VI|59 pages

Ethics and Moral Psychology

chapter 28|19 pages


ByTobias Hoffmann

chapter 29|9 pages

Reasons and Actions

ByAnthony Celano

chapter 30|9 pages

Divine Command Theory

ByHannes Möhle

chapter 31|9 pages


ByDouglas C. Langston

chapter 32|11 pages


ByThomas Williams

part Part VII|38 pages

Political Philosophy

chapter 33|17 pages

Law and Government

ByJonathan Jacobs

chapter 34|9 pages

Spheres of Power

ByStephen Lahey

chapter 35|10 pages

Democracy and Representation

ByTakashi Shogimen