This book sheds new light on the foreign policies, roles, and positions of neutral states and the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in the global Cold War.

The volume places the neutral states and the NAM in the context of the Cold War and demonstrates the links between the East, the West, and the so-called Third World. In doing so, this collection provides readers an alternative way of exploring the evolution and impact of the Cold War on North-South connections that challenges traditional notions of the post-1945 history of international relations. The various contributions are framed against the backdrop of the evolution of the Cold War international system and the decolonization process in the Southern hemisphere. By juxtaposing the policies of European neutrals and countries of the NAM, this book offers new perspectives on the evolution of the Cold War. With the links between these two groups of countries receiving very little attention in Cold War scholarship, the volume thus offers a window into a hitherto neglected perspective on the Cold War. Via a series of case studies, the chapters here present new viewpoints on the evolution of the global Cold War through the exploration of the ensuing internal and (mainly) external policy choices of these nations.

This book will be of much interest to students of Cold War Studies, international history, foreign policy, security studies and IR in general.

chapter |14 pages


A tightrope walk – neutrality and neutralism in the global Cold War
ByMarco Wyss, Jussi M. Hanhimäki, Sandra Bott, Janick Marina Schaufelbuehl

part I|109 pages

The evolution of neutrality and non-alignment

chapter 1|16 pages

Non-aligned to what?

European neutrality and the Cold War
ByJussi M. Hanhimäki

chapter 2|19 pages

Roots of the Non-Aligned Movement in neutralism

Yugoslavia, Finland and the Soviet political border with Europe 1948–61
ByRinna Kullaa

chapter 3|20 pages

The Bandung Conference

Ideological conflict and the limitations of US propaganda
ByEric D. Pullin

chapter 4|18 pages

“Companions in misfortune” 1

From passive neutralism to active un-commitment 2 – the critical role of Yugoslavia
BySvetozar Rajak

chapter 5|18 pages

Non-Alignment, 1961–74

ByLorenz M. Lüthi

chapter 6|16 pages

“Third world begins to flex its muscles” 1

The Non-Aligned Movement and the North–South conflict during the 1970s
ByJürgen Dinkel

part II|88 pages

Neutrality and neutralism in practice

chapter 7|17 pages

An Austrian mediation in Vietnam?

The superpowers, neutrality and Kurt Waldheim's good offices
ByWolfgang Mueller, Maximilian Graf

chapter 9|17 pages

Neutrality unbound

Sweden, foreign aid and the rise of the non-aligned Third World
ByNikolas Glover

chapter 10|18 pages

Neutrality as a business strategy

Switzerland and Latin America in the Cold War
ByUrsina Bentele, Sacha Zala

chapter 11|17 pages

Cubans in Angola

Internationalist solidarity, transfers and interactions in the Global South 1975–91
ByChristine Hatzky

chapter |3 pages


Neutrality and non-alignment during and beyond the Cold War
ByJussi M. Hanhimäki