The economic geography of music is evolving as new digital technologies, organizational forms, market dynamics and consumer behavior continue to restructure the industry. This book is an international collection of case studies examining the spatial dynamics of today’s music industry. Drawing on research from a diverse range of cities such as Santiago, Toronto, Paris, New York, Amsterdam, London, and Berlin, this volume helps readers understand how the production and consumption of music is changing at multiple scales – from global firms to local entrepreneurs; and, in multiple settings – from established clusters to burgeoning scenes. The volume is divided into interrelated sections and offers an engaging and immersive look at today’s central players, processes, and spaces of music production and consumption. Academic students and researchers across the social sciences, including human geography, sociology, economics, and cultural studies, will find this volume helpful in answering questions about how and where music is financed, produced, marketed, distributed, curated and consumed in the digital age.

part |8 pages


chapter |6 pages


The Evolving Economic Geography of Music
ByBrian J. Hracs, Michael Seman, Tarek E. Virani

part |30 pages


chapter |14 pages

Laptops, Pro Tools, and File Transfer Protocols

On the Intensification and Extensification of Recording Work in the Digital Age
ByAllan Watson

chapter |14 pages

Disturbing Production

The Effects of Digital Music Production on Music Studios
ByDavid Arditi

part |60 pages


chapter |15 pages

Working Harder and Working Smarter

The Survival Strategies of Contemporary Independent Musicians
ByBrian J. Hracs

chapter |15 pages

From Artist to Entrepreneur

The Working Lives of London-Based Rappers
ByLaura Speers

chapter |14 pages

Hip-Hop Tunity

Challenges and Opportunities for Indie Hip-Hop Artists in the Dutch Music Industry
ByJoni R. Haijen

chapter |14 pages

“Working at the Candy Factory”

The Limits of Nonmonetary Rewards in Record Industry Careers
ByAlexandre Frenette

part |60 pages


chapter |13 pages

The Resilience of a Local Music Scene in Dalston, London

ByTarek E. Virani

chapter |16 pages

Landscapes of Performance and Technological Change

Music Venues in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and Nashville, Tennessee
ByOla Johansson, Margaret M. Gripshover, Thomas L. Bell

chapter |14 pages

What's the “Newport Effect”?

Music Festivals, Touring, and Reputations in the Digital Age
ByJonathan R. Wynn, Rodrigo Dominguez-Villegas

chapter |15 pages

Musicians and Temporary Spaces

The Case of Music Festivals in Sweden
ByJohan Jansson, Jimi Nilsson

part |62 pages


chapter |16 pages

Exploring the “360 Degree” Blur

Digitization, Sonic Capital, and the Strategic Orientations of Electronic Indie Labels
ByHans-Joachim Bürkner

chapter |13 pages

More Than Just Bytes?

Responses to Digitization in the Paris Cluster of World Music Production
ByAmanda Brandellero, Robert C. Kloosterman

chapter |16 pages

Emotional Landscapes and the Evolution of Vinyl Record Retail

A Case Study of Highland Park, Los Angeles
ByTyler Sonnichsen

chapter |15 pages

Music Rights

Towards a Material Geography of Musical Practices in the “Digital Age”
ByAndy C. Pratt

part |42 pages

Promoting and Consuming

chapter |11 pages

The Evolution of Music Tastemakers in the Digital Age

The Rise of Algorithms and the Response of Journalists
ByBastian Lange

chapter |15 pages

Leveraging Affect

Mobilizing Enthusiasm and the Co-Production of the Musical Economy
ByAndrew Leyshon, Nigel Thrift, Louise Crewe, Shaun French, Pete Webb