As humanitarian needs continue to grow rapidly, humanitarian action has become more contested, with new actors entering the field to address unmet needs, but also challenging long-held principles and precepts.

This volume provides detailed empirical comparisons between emerging and traditional humanitarian actors. It sheds light on why and how the emerging actors engage in humanitarian crises and how their activities are carried out and perceived in their transnational organizational environment. It develops and applies a conceptual framework that fosters research on humanitarian actors and the humanitarian principles. In particular, it simultaneously refers to theories of organizational sociology and international relations to identify both the structural and the situational factors that influence the motivations, aims and activities of these actors, and their different levels of commitment to the traditional humanitarian principles. It thus elucidates the role of the humanitarian principles in promoting coherence and coordination in the crowded and diverse world of humanitarian action, and discusses whether alternative principles and parallel humanitarian systems are in the making.

This volume will be of great interest to postgraduate students and scholars in humanitarian studies, globalization and transnationalism research, organizational sociology, international relations, development studies, and migration and diaspora studies, as well as policy makers and practitioners engaged in humanitarian action, development cooperation and migration issues.

chapter |22 pages


New Humanitarians Getting Old?
ByZeynep Sezgin, Dennis Dijkzeul

part 1|20 pages


chapter 1|18 pages

A Brief History of Humanitarian Actors and Principles

ByWolf-Dieter Eberwein, Bob Reinalda

part 2|39 pages

New Donor Humanitarianism

chapter 2|19 pages

India as Humanitarian Actor

Convergences and Divergences with DAC Donor Principles and Practices
ByKristina Roepstorff

chapter 3|18 pages

Turkey as a Rising Power

An Emerging Global Humanitarian Actor
ByAlpaslan Özerdem

part 3|20 pages

Developmental Humanitarianism

chapter 4|18 pages

Multi-Mandate Organisations in Humanitarian Aid

ByDorothea Hilhorst, Eline Pereboom

part 4|63 pages

Armed Humanitarianism

chapter 5|21 pages

Blurred Lines, Shrunken Space?

Offensive Peacekeepers, Networked Humanitarians and the Performance of Principle in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
ByRyan O’Neill

chapter 6|18 pages

Rebels without Borders

Armed Groups as Humanitarian Actors
ByRyan O’Neill

chapter 7|22 pages

The Military, the Private Sector and Traditional Humanitarian Actors

Interaction, interoperability and effectiveness
BySamuel Carpenter, Randolph Kent

part 5|43 pages

For-Profit Humanitarianism

chapter 8|23 pages

Business in Humanitarian Crises

For Better or for Worse?
ByGilles Carbonnier, Piedra Lightfoot

chapter 9|18 pages

Humanitarian Action for Sale

Private Military and Security Companies in the Humanitarian Space
ByJutta Joachim, Andrea Schneiker

part 6|45 pages

Diaspora Humanitarianism

chapter 10|19 pages

The Invisibility of a Third Humanitarian Domain

ByCindy Horst, Stephen Lubkemann, Robtel Neajai Pailey

chapter 11|24 pages

Diaspora Action in Syria and Neighbouring Countries

ByZeynep Sezgin

part 7|44 pages

Faith-Based Humanitarianism

chapter 12|23 pages

International Muslim NGOs

‘Added Value' or an Echo of Western Principles and Donor Wishes?
ByMarie Juul Petersen

chapter 13|19 pages

Writing the Other into Humanitarianism

A Conversation between ‘South–South' and ‘Faith-Based’ Humanitarianisms
ByElena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, Julia Pacitto

part 8|37 pages

Regional and Local Humanitarianism

chapter 14|15 pages

Regional Organisations and the Humanitarian System

History, Trends and Implications
ByLilianne Fan

chapter |27 pages


Convergence or Divergence?
ByDennis Dijkzeul, Ryan O’Neill, Zeynep Sezgin