ABSTRACT

The growing global demand for food, feed and bio-based renewable material is changing the conditions for agricultural production worldwide. At the same time, revolutionary achievements in the field of biosciences are contributing to a transition whereby bio-based alternatives for energy and materials are becoming more competitive.

Creating Sustainable Bioeconomies explores the prospects for biosciences and how its innovation has the potential to help countries in the North (Europe) and the South (Africa) to move towards resource efficient agriculture and sustainable bioeconomies. Throughout the book, the situations of Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa will be compared and contrasted, and opportunities for mutual learning and collaboration are explored. The chapters have been written by high profile authors and deal with a wide range of issues affecting the development of bioeconomies on both continents. This book compares and contrasts the situations of these two regions as they endeavour to develop knowledge based bioeconomies.

This volume is suitable for those who are interested in ecological economics, development economics and environmental economics. It also provides action plans assisting policy-makers in both areas to support the transition to knowledge based and sustainable bioeconomies.

part |2 pages

Part I Introduction: Why this book?

chapter 1|8 pages

Background and overview of the book

ByIVAR VIRGIN AND E. JANE MORRIS

chapter 2|15 pages

Benefits and challenges of a new knowledge-based bioeconomy

ByIVAR VIRGIN, MATTHEW FIELDING, MELINDA FONES SUNDELL,

part |2 pages

Part II Towards sustainable food security

chapter 4|10 pages

A European perspective: the case for a highly productive and innovative agriculture in Europe

ByHARALD VON WITZKE AND STEFFEN NOLEPPA

chapter 6|13 pages

Europe and Africa: addressing the food security challenges

ByISABELLE SCHLUEP CAMPO, PHILIPP AERNI AND RUTH K. ONIANG’O

part |2 pages

Part III Towards resource-efficient economies: broadening the base of agriculture

chapter 9|14 pages

An African perspective: using the new biosciences to support the African development agenda

ByE. JANE MORRIS, CORINDA ERASMUS AND MARTHA M. O’KENNEDY

chapter 10|13 pages

An African perspective: developing an African bioresource-based industry – the case for cassava

ByEPHRAIM NUWAMANYA, YONA BAGUMA AND M.E. CHRISSIE REY

chapter 11|15 pages

Europe and Africa: biofuels for sustainable energy and mobility in the EU and Africa

ByFRANCIS X. JOHNSON, YACOB MULUGETTA

part |2 pages

Part IV Broadening the bioscience innovation agenda

chapter 13|14 pages

The need for international bioscience collaboration and a shared agenda

ByJOHN KOMEN, JULIUS ECURU

chapter 14|19 pages

The social and economic challenges for a bioeconomy

ByRICHARD D. SMART, JUSTUS WESSELER

chapter 15|16 pages

Two decades of European-African bioscience collaboration: from BIO-EARN to Bio-Innovate

ByIVAR VIRGIN, ALLAN LIAVOGA

part |2 pages

Part V Transitions to a modern bioeconomy: analysis of policies

chapter 16|15 pages

European strategies and policies getting towards a bioeconomy

ByDIRK CARREZ

chapter 17|10 pages

Getting towards an African bioeconomy

ByJULIUS ECURU

chapter 18|13 pages

Intellectual property challenges for a bioeconomy

ByROSEMARY WOLSON

part |2 pages

Part VI Way forward: progressing towards European and African bioeconomies

chapter 20|10 pages

Conclusions and key messages

ByIVAR VIRGIN AND E. JANE MORRIS