The EU is a supranational organization, whose reach and influence extends well beyond its member states, especially to the many states that have signed various forms of association agreement with it.

This book asks whether qualifying states who have eschewed EU membership experience negative effects on their legal and political self-governing abilities, or whether they manage their independence with few such effects. It explores the idea that the closer the affiliation a non-member state has with the EU, the more susceptible to hegemony the relationship appears to be. In addition, the book provides an overview of the total range of agreements the EU has with non-member states.

This text will be of key interest to scholars and students of in EU/European studies, Scandinavian studies, European and comparative politics, international relations, and democratization studies.

chapter 1|14 pages


Asymmetry and the problem of dominance

part I|60 pages

Forms of association without membership

chapter 3|16 pages

The Swiss Way

The nature of Switzerland's relationship with the EU

chapter 4|23 pages


Bilateralism's polarising consequences in a very particular/ist democracy

part II|134 pages

Welcomed, inside, but still unwilling

chapter 5|25 pages

Despoiling Norwegian Democracy 1

chapter 6|16 pages

The EEA and the Case Law of the CJEU

Incorporation without participation?

chapter 7|19 pages


A reluctant European

chapter 9|20 pages

Representation under Hegemony?

On Norway's relationship to the EU

chapter 10|16 pages

National Administrative Sovereignty

Under pressure

chapter 11|20 pages

Reinforcing Executive Dominance

Norway and the EU's foreign and security policy

part III|34 pages

Sovereignty under hegemony