ABSTRACT

One of the largest and most complex human services systems in history has evolved to address the needs of people with autism and intellectual disabilities, yet important questions remain for many professionals, administrators, and parents. What approaches to early intervention, education, treatment, therapy, and remediation really help those with autism and other intellectual disabilities improve their functioning and adaptation? Alternatively, what approaches represent wastes of time, effort, and resources?

Controversial Therapies for Autism and Intellectual Disabilities, 2nd Edition brings together leading behavioral scientists and practitioners to shed much-needed light on the major controversies surrounding these questions. Expert authors review the origins, perpetuation, and resistance to scrutiny of questionable practices, and offer a clear rationale for appraising the quality of various services.

The second edition of Controversial Therapies for Autism and Intellectual Disabilities has been fully revised and updated and includes entirely new chapters on psychology fads, why applied behavioral analysis is not a fad, rapid prompting, relationship therapies, the gluten-free, casein-free diet, evidence based practices, state government regulation of behavioral treatment, teaching ethics, and a parents’ primer for autism treatments.

part Part I|42 pages

General Issues

chapter Chapter 1|14 pages

Where Do Fads Come From?

ByStuart Vyse

chapter Chapter 2|12 pages

The Nature and Value of Empirically Validated Interventions

ByCrighton Newsom, Christine A. Hovanitz

chapter Chapter 3|14 pages

The Appeal of Unvalidated Treatments

ByTristram Smith

part Part II|78 pages

Historical, Cultural, and Psychological Issues

chapter Chapter 4|26 pages

History of Fad, Pseudoscientific, and Dubious Treatments in Intellectual Disabilities

From the 1800s to Today
ByJohn W. Jacobson, James A. Mulick, Richard M. Foxx, Elizabeth Kryszak

chapter Chapter 5|16 pages

The Delusion of Full Inclusion

ByJames M. Kauffman, Devery Mock Ward, Jeanmarie Badar

chapter Chapter 6|9 pages

Explaining Gullibility of Service Providers Toward Treatment Fads

ByStephen Greenspan

chapter Chapter 7|25 pages

Developmental Disabilities and the Paranormal

ByJohn W. Jacobson, Elizabeth Kryszak, James A. Mulick

part Part III|46 pages

Field-Specific Issues

chapter Chapter 8|13 pages

Fads in Special Education

ByThomas Zane, Mary Jane Weiss, Sam Blanco, Lorraine Otte, Josephine Southwick

chapter Chapter 9|18 pages

The Neutralization of Special Education, Revisited

BySusan M. Silvestri, William L. Heward

chapter Chapter 10|13 pages

Fads and Controversial Treatments in Speech-Language Pathology

ByCheryl D. Gunter, Mareile A. Koenig

part Part IV|78 pages

Disorder- and Symptom-Specific Issues

chapter Chapter 11|27 pages

Autism

A Twenty-First Century Fad Magnet
ByBernard Metz, James A. Mulick, Eric M. Butter

chapter Chapter 12|13 pages

Helping Parents Separate the Wheat From the Chaff

Putting Autism Treatments to the Test
ByShannon Kay

chapter Chapter 13|14 pages

A Map Through the Minefield

A Parent's Primer to Find Autism Treatment That Works!
BySabrina Freeman

part Part V|188 pages

Intervention-Specific Issues

chapter Chapter 15|23 pages

Sensory Integration Therapy

ByTristram Smith, Daniel W. Mruzek, Dennis Mozingo

chapter Chapter 16|13 pages

Auditory Integration Training

A Critical Review (1991–2014)
ByOliver C. Mudford, Chris Cullen

chapter Chapter 17|20 pages

Facilitated Communication

The Ultimate Fad Treatment
ByJohn W. Jacobson, Richard M. Foxx, James A. Mulick

chapter Chapter 18|19 pages

Positive Behavior Support

A Paternalistic Utopian Delusion
ByJames A. Mulick, Eric M. Butter

chapter Chapter 19|17 pages

Nonaversive Treatment

ByCrighton Newsom, Kimberly A. Kroeger

chapter Chapter 20|8 pages

Gentle Teaching

ByAngela M. Arnold-Saritepe, Oliver C. Mudford, Chris Cullen

chapter Chapter 21|10 pages

Pet Me, Sniff Me, Squeeze Me

Quack Treatment for Autism
ByGerald P. Koocher, Erica Gill

chapter Chapter 22|15 pages

Relationship-Based Therapies for Autism Spectrum Disorders

ByThomas Zane, Mary Jane Weiss, Kari Dunlop, Josephine Southwick

chapter Chapter 23|38 pages

Old Horses in New Stables

Rapid Prompting, Facilitated Communication, Science, Ethics, and the History of Magic
ByJames T. Todd

chapter Chapter 24|12 pages

The Gluten-Free, Casein-Free Diet

ByKeith E. Williams, Richard M. Foxx

part Part VI|96 pages

Ethical, Legal, and Political Concerns

chapter Chapter 26|16 pages

Ethics, Controversial Treatments, and Applied Behavior Analysis

ByPeter Sturmey

chapter Chapter 27|20 pages

The National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference on the Treatment of Destructive Behaviors

A 25-Year Update of a Study in Hardball Politics
ByRichard M. Foxx

chapter Chapter 28|16 pages

Teaching Ethics in Behavior Analysis

Philosophy, Methods, and Resources
ByJon Bailey, Mary Burch

chapter Chapter 29|11 pages

Evidence-Based Practices in Treatment for Autism and Intellectual Disabilities

ByThomas Zane, Mary Jane Weiss, Cheryl Davis, Ian Melton

chapter Chapter 30|25 pages

State Government Regulation of Behavioral Treatment

The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly
ByRichard M. Foxx, Valerie LaCerra, Nina Carraghan, Jessica A. Fedezko

chapter |6 pages

Afterword

A Decade Later
ByJames M. Johnston