Since the Treaty of the European Union was ratified in 1993, the European Union has become an important factor in an ever-increasing number of regimes of pooled sovereignty. This Handbook seeks to present a valuable guide to this new and unique system in the twenty-first century, allowing readers to obtain a better understanding of the emerging multilevel European governance system that links national polities to Europe and the global community.

Adopting a pan-European approach, this Handbook brings together the work of leading international academics to cover a wide range of topics such as:

  • the historical and theoretical background
  • the political systems and institutions of both the EU and its individual member nations
  • political parties and party systems
  • political elites
  • civil society and social movements in European politics
  • the political economy of Europe
  • public administration and policy-making
  • external policies of the EU.

This is an invaluable and comprehensive resource for students, scholars, researchers and practitioners of the European Union, European politics and comparative politics.

chapter 1|38 pages


The ‘Great Transformation' of European politics: a holistic view
ByJosé M. Magone

part Part I|124 pages

Historical and theoretical background

chapter 2|11 pages

The legacy of Stein Rokkan for European polities

A short tribute
ByDaniel-Louis Seiler

chapter 3|23 pages

The theological and secular dimensions of the modern state

Historical and contemporary perspectives 1
ByJohn Loughlin

chapter 4|22 pages

Contemporary European liberalism

Exclusionary, enlightened or romantic?
ByGina Gustavsson

chapter 6|16 pages

The fall of the Berlin Wall and European politics

Perspectives of new Europe in the early twenty-first century
ByAttila Ágh

chapter 7|21 pages

‘Fortress Europe'

Borders and the power of information in the European Union
ByJuliet Lodge

chapter 8|10 pages

The Americanization of the European legal space

ByMary L. Volcansek

part Part II|130 pages

The political system and institutions of the European Union

chapter 9|19 pages

Multilevel governance in Europe

ByRainer Eising

chapter 10|18 pages

The EU as a citizens' joint venture

Multilevel constitutionalism and open democracy in Europe
ByIngolf Pernice

chapter 11|17 pages

The political system of the European Union

ByDesmond Dinan

chapter 13|13 pages

The European Commission after the reform

ByMichelle Cini

chapter 14|15 pages

The European Parliament

ByTapio Raunio

chapter 15|17 pages

The European Courts

ByRobert Harmsen, Karen McAuliffe

chapter 16|13 pages

Democracy in Europe

ByVivien A. Schmidt

part Part III|126 pages

National political systems and institutions in European politics

chapter 17|16 pages

Governments in European politics

ByGianfranco Pasquino

chapter 18|17 pages

Heads of state in European politics

ByRobert Elgie

chapter 19|18 pages

Continuity and change in parliamentarianism in twenty-first century European politics

ByPhilip Norton (Lord Norton of Louth)

chapter 20|20 pages

Executive–legislative relations in Europe

ByThomas Saalfeld

chapter 21|20 pages

The Europeanization of national parliaments

ByKatrin Auel

chapter 22|12 pages

Judicial politics in Europe

Constitutional courts in comparative perspective
ByBritta Rehder

chapter 23|21 pages

Local and regional democracy in European politics

ByFrank Hendriks, Anders Lidström, John Loughlin

part Part IV|48 pages

Political elites in European politics

chapter 24|18 pages

The development of political elites in Europe

ByLuca Verzichelli, Maurizio Cotta

chapter 25|12 pages

The development of parliamentary representation in post-1990 Europe

ByHeinrich Best, Elena Semenova

chapter 26|16 pages

Selection and de-selection of ministers

ByPatrick Dumont, Luca Verzichelli

part Part V|142 pages

Party systems and political parties

chapter 27|25 pages

European political parties

Changing forms, increased vulnerability
BySteven B. Wolinetz

chapter 28|18 pages

Party system change in Western Europe

ByRichard S. Katz

chapter 30|28 pages

Electoral and party systems in Europe

ByPedro Riera

chapter 31|16 pages

Party patronage

An old solution for new problems?
ByCarlos Jalali, Patrícia Silva

chapter 32|14 pages

Europeanization of national politics

The centrality of political parties
ByRobert Ladrech

chapter 33|19 pages

Outside their comfort zone?

National parties, European Parliament groups and transnational parties
ByDavid Hanley

part Part VI|114 pages

Public administration and patterns of policy-making in European politics

chapter 34|29 pages

National and European patterns of public administration and governance

ByCésar Colino, Eloísa del Pino

chapter 35|29 pages

European welfare states in motion

From social protection to social investment
ByAnton Hemerijck

chapter 36|17 pages

Political corruption in Europe

ByMartin J. Bull, James L. Newell

chapter 37|22 pages

The national coordination of EU policy 1

ByHussein Kassim

part Part VII|84 pages

The political economy of Europe

chapter 39|21 pages

Integration among unequals

How the heterogeneity of European varieties of capitalism shapes the social and democratic potential of the EU
ByMartin Höpner, Armin Schäfer

chapter 40|17 pages

The transformation of the Single European Market

From the Lisbon Strategy to Europe 2020
ByAnnette Bongardt

chapter 41|14 pages

Political Economic and Monetary Union

EU and domestic constraints
ByFrancisco Torres

chapter 42|16 pages

Social pacts and changing systems of interest intermediation in Europe

ByKerstin Hamann, John Kelly

chapter 43|14 pages

Interest groups and patterns of lobbying in Brussels

ByJustin Greenwood

part Part VIII|66 pages

Civil society and social movements in European politics

chapter 44|17 pages

Immigration policy-making in Europe

BySara Wallace Goodman

chapter 45|17 pages

Associations and associational involvement in Europe

ByJan W. van Deth, William A. Maloney

chapter 46|14 pages

Gender and European politics

ByAlison E. Woodward

chapter 47|16 pages

Contentious politics in the EU

ByDonatella della Porta, Louisa Parks

part Part IX|54 pages

Europe and the world

chapter 48|15 pages

Theories and myths of European foreign policy

ByIan Manners

chapter 49|20 pages

Towards a common foreign and security policy

Achievements and challenges
ByHelene Sjursen

chapter 50|17 pages

The world society turn in European Studies

ByChris Rumford, Didem Buhari-Gulmez