In recent years, the relation between contemporary academic philosophy and evolutionary theory has become ever more active, multifaceted, and productive. The connection is a bustling two-way street. In one direction, philosophers of biology make significant contributions to theoretical discussions about the nature of evolution (such as "What is a species?"; "What is reproductive fitness?"; "Does selection operate primarily on genes?"; and "What is an evolutionary function?"). In the other direction, a broader group of philosophers appeal to Darwinian selection in an attempt to illuminate traditional philosophical puzzles (such as "How could a brain-state have representational content?"; "Are moral judgments justified?"; "Why do we enjoy fiction?"; and "Are humans invariably selfish?"). In grappling with these questions, this interdisciplinary collection includes cutting-edge examples from both directions of traffic. The thirty contributions, written exclusively for this volume, are divided into six sections: The Nature of Selection; Evolution and Information; Human Nature; Evolution and Mind; Evolution and Ethics; and Evolution, Aesthetics, and Art. Many of the contributing philosophers and psychologists are international leaders in their fields.

part I|76 pages

The Nature of Selection

chapter 1|16 pages

The Nature of Selection: An Overview

ByTim Lewens

chapter 4|15 pages

Fitness Maximization

ByJonathan Birch

chapter 5|13 pages

Does Biology Need Teleology?

ByKaren Neander

part II|76 pages

Evolution and Information

chapter 6|12 pages

Evolution and Information: An Overview

ByUlrich Stegmann

chapter 7|15 pages

The Construction of Learned Information through Selection Processes

ByNir Fresco, Eva Jablonka, Simona Ginsburg

chapter 8|14 pages

Genetic, Epigenetic, and Exogenetic Information

ByKarola Stotz, Paul Griffiths

chapter 9|16 pages

Language: From How-Possibly to How-Probably?

ByKim Sterelny

part III|72 pages

Human Nature

chapter 11|12 pages

Human Nature: An Overview

ByStephen M. Downes

chapter 12|15 pages

The Reality of Species: Real Phenomena Not Theoretical Objects

ByJohn Wilkins

chapter 13|12 pages

Modern Essentialism for Species and Its Animadversions

ByJoseph LaPorte

chapter 14|16 pages

What Is Human Nature (If It Is Anything at All)?

ByLouise Barrett

chapter 15|15 pages

The Right to Ignore: An Epistemic Defense of the Nature/Culture Divide

ByMaria Kronfeldner

part IV|68 pages

Evolution and Mind

chapter 16|10 pages

Evolution and Mind: An Overview

ByValerie Hardcastle

chapter 17|15 pages

Routes to the Convergent Evolution of Cognition

ByEdward W. Legg, Ljerka Ostojić, Nicola S. Clayton

chapter 18|16 pages

Is Consciousness an Adaptation?

ByKari L. Theurer, Thomas W. Polger

chapter 19|14 pages

Plasticity and Modularity

ByEdouard Machery

part V|64 pages

Evolution and Ethics

chapter 21|14 pages

Evolution and Ethics: An Overview

ByCatherine Wilson

chapter 22|13 pages

The Evolution of Moral Intuitions and Their Feeling of Rightness

ByChristine Clavien, Chloë FitzGerald

chapter 24|9 pages

The Evolution of Morality and the Prospects for Moral Realism

ByBen Fraser

chapter 25|15 pages

Moral Cheesecake, Evolved Psychology, and the Debunking Impulse

ByDaniel R. Kelly

part VI|69 pages

Evolution, Aesthetics, and Art

chapter 26|13 pages

Evolution, Aesthetics, and Art: An Overview

ByStephen Davies

chapter 27|15 pages

Music and Human Evolution: Philosophical Aspects

ByAnton Killin

chapter 28|12 pages

Emotional Responses to Fiction: An Evolutionary Perspective

ByHelen De Cruz, Johan De Smedt

chapter 29|15 pages

Evolution and Literature: Theory and Example

ByBrian Boyd

chapter 30|12 pages

Play and Evolution

ByPatrick Bateson