The EU plays an increasingly important role in issues such as the fight against organised crime and the management of migration flows, transforming the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) into a priority of the EU’s political and legislative agenda.

This book investigates whether institutional change - the gradual communitarisation of the AFSJ - has triggered policy change, and in doing so, explores the nature and direction of this policy change. By analysing the role of the EU’s institutions in a systematic, theory-informed and comparative way, it provides rich insights into the dynamics of EU decision-making in areas involving high stakes for human rights and civil liberties. Each chapter contains three sections examining:

  • the degree of policy change in the different AFSJ fields, ranging from immigration and counter-terrorism to data protection
  • the role of EU institutions in this process of change
  • a case study determining the mechanisms of change.

The book will be of interest to practitioners, students and scholars of European politics and law, EU policy-making, security and migration studies, as well as institutional change.

part |31 pages


chapter |8 pages

Setting the context

Why EU institutions matter in justice and home affairs
ByJörg Monar

chapter |21 pages

The analytical framework

EU institutions, policy change and the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice
ByFlorian Trauner, Ariadna Ripoll Servent

part |58 pages

Migration policies

chapter |18 pages


Limited policy change due to new norms of institutional behaviour
ByAriadna Ripoll Servent, Florian Trauner

chapter |20 pages


EU institutions fail to reconcile their agendas despite communitarisation 1
ByRoderick Parkes

chapter |18 pages


Differential institutionalisation and its effects
ByAndrew Geddes

part |60 pages

Internal security

chapter |21 pages


Supranational EU institutions seizing windows of opportunity
ByAlex MacKenzie, Christian Kaunert, Sarah Léonard

chapter |19 pages

Police cooperation

A reluctant dance with the supranational EU institutions
ByMonica den Boer

chapter |18 pages

Criminal law

Institutional rebalancing and judicialisation as drivers of policy change
ByValsamis Mitsilegas, Niovi Vavoula

part |65 pages

Citizens' Europe

chapter |25 pages

Citizenship and integration

Contiguity, contagion and evolution
ByDora Kostakopoulou

chapter |19 pages

Data protection

The EU institutions' battle over data processing vs individual rights
ByPaul de Hert, Vagelis Papakonstantinou

chapter |19 pages

Civil justice

The contested nature of the scope of EU legislation
ByEva Storskrubb

part |24 pages


chapter |22 pages

A comparative view

Understanding and explaining policy change in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice
ByFlorian Trauner, Sandra Lavenex