Household vulnerability to weather shocks and changing climatic conditions has become a major concern in developing countries. Yet the empirical evidence remains limited on the impact that changing environmental conditions have on households. This book explores climate change adaptation using a social resilience approach.

The book is based on primary data from the Sundarbans, a densely populated area located across parts of Bangladesh and India (West Bengal) which is highly vulnerable to extreme weather events and climate change. The focus is on assessing how households are affected by cyclones: whether they are able to cope with, adapt to and recover from events and changes; whether they are warned ahead of time; whether they benefit from government safety nets and other social programs; and finally whether they are driven to either temporary or permanent migration. This assessment leads to a better understanding of how exposure to an area of climate change vulnerability and risk affects and shapes human responses.

chapter |6 pages


ByAnna O’Donnell, Quentin Wodon

part |80 pages


chapter |26 pages

Three approaches to climate change adaptation

ByCarolina Martin, Anna O’Donnell, George Joseph, Quentin Wodon

chapter |30 pages

Focus of the study and data

ByQuentin Wodon

chapter |22 pages

Ecological, historical, and socio-economic context

ByCarolina Martin, Carrie Moy, Anna O’Donnell, Quentin Wodon

part |63 pages

Vulnerability, coping, and adaptation

chapter |18 pages

Impact of cyclones on household dwellings

ByMinh Cong Nguyen, Quentin Wodon

chapter |16 pages

Coping and adaptation

ByMinh Cong Nguyen, Quentin Wodon

chapter |27 pages

Temporary and permanent migration

ByMinh Cong Nguyen, Quentin Wodon

part |43 pages

Government programs

chapter |12 pages

Early warning systems

ByAnna O’Donnell, Quentin Wodon

chapter |15 pages

Government safety nets and transfer programs

ByMinh Cong Nguyen, Quentin Wodon

chapter |14 pages

Synthesis and conclusion

ByAnna O’Donnell, Quentin Wodon